経済連携協定(EPA)で来日中の看護師の職業性ストレスについての検討  [in Japanese] Occupational Stress among Nurses Working in Japan Through the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA)  [in Japanese]

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<p><b>目的:</b>経済連携協定で来日中の看護師(EPA看護師)のストレスを明らかにすることを目的とした.</p><p><b>方法:</b>EPA看護師,看護師候補者を対象とし,職業性ストレス簡易調査票,SOC尺度などからなる母国語の質問票を用いた調査を行った.</p><p><b>結果:</b>72名のEPA看護師より回答が得られ,有効回答率は60.3%であった.母国との仕事の違いにとまどいを79.2%が自覚し,男女共に「仕事の質的負担」「身体的負担」が高く,女性は「仕事の適性度」男性は「技能の活用度」が「やや低い」に該当した.また男女ともに家族・友人からのサポートが高かった.女性を対象にした相関分析の結果から,職業性ストレスには,日本の生活の慣れや日本語の理解とともに仕事の量的負担や職場環境,SOCの把握可能感が関連することが示された.</p><p><b>結論:</b>EPA看護師を受け入れる職場では,仕事の負担,職場環境,SOCの向上に配慮が必要なことが示唆された.</p>

<p><b>Introduction: </b>This study aimed to clarify the stress experienced by nurses working at hospitals in Japan through the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA).</p><p><b>Methods: </b>A questionnaire survey that included a brief job stress questionnaire and sense of coherence (SOC) scale was administered to EPA nurses and nursing candidates.</p><p><b>Results: </b>Seventy-two nurses and nursing candidates responded to the survey. Overall, 79.2% of them felt confused about the differences between work in Japan and in their home country and they experienced qualitative and physical burdens as a result of their job. Female respondents rated the "suitability of the job" as relatively low, whereas male respondents rated the "degree of utilization of skills" as relatively low. Both male and female respondents received strong support from their families and friends. A correlation analysis of the data regarding female respondents indicated that occupational stress was related to how accustomed they had become to life in Japan, their Japanese language ability, quantitative burden of the job, workplace environment, and SOC.</p><p><b>Conclusions: </b>The study results suggested that considerations of the burden of the job, workplace environment, and improvement in SOC should be required from workplaces that accept EPA nurses.</p>

Journal

  • An Official Journal of the Japan Primary Care Association

    An Official Journal of the Japan Primary Care Association 41(2), 38-44, 2018

    JAPAN PRIMARY CARE ASSOCIATION

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