大学生における司法参加意欲の規定因:要因関連モデルを用いた検討  [in Japanese] Determinants of the intention to participate in the judicial system in undergraduates: Using the factor relation model  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本研究の目的は,市民の司法参加に対する認知構造を,広瀬(1994)の要因関連モデルなどで提出されている3つの評価の枠組みから把握するとともに,それらが参加意欲に与える影響を明らかにすることである。本研究が着目した3つの評価とは,市民における知識や経験の有無に関する「実行可能性評価」,負担感についての「コスト評価」,市民による司法参加の効用についての「ベネフィット評価」である。都内の大学生74名を対象とする予備調査で得られた自由回答をもとに,司法参加に対するさまざまな認知を収集し,上記3つの評価に分類した。本調査は都内の大学生を中心とする206名を対象に実施した。因子分析の結果,実行可能性評価とベネフィット評価に関する因子はそれぞれ4つ,コスト評価に関する因子は1つが得られた。その中でもベネフィット評価に含まれる「親和性の向上」と「透明性の向上」が参加意欲を高め,実行可能性評価に関する「知識・経験の欠如」とコスト評価に関する「責任の重さ」が参加意欲を低下させていることが明らかになった。これらの結果にもとづき,今後研究が進むべき方向性について議論した。</p>

<p>The purpose of this study was to examine citizens' cognition regarding judicial participation using the 3 evaluations included in the factor relation model (Hirose, 1994) and the relationships between the subjects' cognition and their intention to participate in the judicial system. The 3 evaluations included in the factor relation model are "the feasibility evaluation", which examines citizens' knowledge and experience; "the cost evaluation", which concerns responsibility; and "the benefit evaluation", which focuses on the effects of citizens' judicial participation. In the preliminary study, 74 undergraduates freely described their thoughts about judicial participation. Their descriptions were classified using the 3 evaluations mentioned above. In the main study, 206 individuals—mainly undergraduates—were surveyed. Factor analysis revealed that "the feasibility evaluation" and "the benefit evaluation" consisted of 4 factors, and "the cost evaluation" only included one factor. Furthermore, "improvement of affinity" and "improvement of transparency", which were examined in "the benefit evaluation", facilitated motivation, but "lack of knowledge and experience", which was evaluated in "the feasibility evaluation", and "weight of responsibility", which was assessed in "the cost evaluation", inhibited motivation. Based on these results, the directions that future studies should take werediscussed.</p>

Journal

  • THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

    THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 58(1), 1-14, 2018

    The Japanese Group Dynamics Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007427501
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00104794
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-7973
  • NDL Article ID
    029135796
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-716
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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