幼児の箸の持ち方と母親の箸の持ち方・箸に対する意識との関連性 Relationship between Mothers and Children on How to Hold Chopsticks and Concerns about Chopsticks in Japanese Kindergarten

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Author(s)

    • 大瀬良 知子 Osera Tomoko
    • 神戸女子大学 家政学部 管理栄養士養成課程|神戸女子大学附属高倉台幼稚園 Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Graduate School of Life Science, Kobe Women's University|Takakuradai Kindergarten attached to Kobe Women's University
    • 山本 千尋 Yamamoto Chihiro
    • 神戸女子大学 家政学部 管理栄養士養成課程 Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Graduate School of Life Science, Kobe Women's University
    • 千家 梨華 Senke Rika
    • 神戸女子大学大学院 家政学研究科 衛生学研究室 Facuruty of Life Science, Kobe Women's University
    • 栗原 伸公 Kurihara Nobutaka
    • 神戸女子大学 家政学部 管理栄養士養成課程|神戸女子大学大学院 家政学研究科 衛生学研究室 Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Graduate School of Life Science, Kobe Women's University|Facuruty of Life Science, Kobe Women's University

Abstract

<p>箸は日本の貴重な食文化の1つであるが、使用技術は難しい。我々は先に、母親の食事への意識が幼児の食嗜好や食事内容に影響する可能性を示したことから、本研究では幼児・母親の箸の持ち方と母親の箸に対する意識との関連について検討した。</p><p>3~5歳児の幼児の母親198名に対し、箸の持ち方・意識についてアンケート調査を実施(有効回答数64.6%)し、幼児・母親の箸の持ち方の正誤を調べ、それに対する判断、箸に対する意識を比較した。</p><p>母親の70.8%、幼児の34.0%が正しく箸を持っていた。母親と幼児の箸の持ち方には有意な関連を認めた(p<0.001)。箸を正しく持つことを重要視する母親は、正しく持てる割合が高かった(p<0.001)。</p><p>母親の箸の持ち方への意識が高いと持ち方が正しく、母親の持ち方が正しいと幼児も正しい割合が高いことから、母親の箸への意識を高め、持ち方を正すことは、幼児の箸の持ち方の習得に重要であると示唆される。</p>

<p>Chopsticks are popular dining utensils in many Asian countries. Children start using them when they are as young as three years of age. It is imperative for children to hold chopsticks correctly. Our previous study suggested that a mother's role is very important in her children's eating preferences. In this study, the relationship between the ways mothers and their children hold chopsticks was investigated. A total of 128 mothers of 51 boys and 77 girls participated in this cross-sectional study. The mothers were asked questions relating to their use and their children's use of chopsticks. Fisher's exact tests were applied. Results revealed that 70.8% of mothers and 34.0% of children held chopsticks correctly. A significant relationship between mothers and children who held chopsticks correctly was found (p<0.001). Moreover, there was a significant relationship between mothers who thought it important to use chopsticks correctly and those who used them correctly (p<0.001). However, there was not a significant relationship between mothers who thought it important for children to use chopsticks correctly and children who held chopsticks correctly. Results suggested that mothers who used chopsticks correctly affected their children's correct use of chopsticks.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Japanese Society of Shokuiku

    Journal of Japanese Society of Shokuiku 12(1), 19-25, 2018

    Japanese Society of Shokuiku

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007428717
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12308406
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    1882-4773
  • NDL Article ID
    028813292
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-V40
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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