病院内臨床検査室における環境の臭気について  [in Japanese] Environmental odors in the clinical laboratory of a hospital  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

病院内の環境には,患者診療に起因する様々な臭気がある。患者から採取された血液・尿・糞便などの検体を処理する臨床検査室における,臭気に関する調査と考察を行った。採血ブースと採尿室のバックヤードである検体検査室はこれらの検体の処理や保管において,検体から揮発する成分や腐敗のため臭気が発生している。細菌検査室は,喀痰・尿・血液・尿・糞便・髄液・膿などの検体に加え,培地そのものが臭気の原因となる。<br>臭気に対して様々な方策が試行されているが,費用対効果を踏まえた有効な方法はない。病院内を衛生的で快適に保つため,臭気の効果的な対策は今後の課題である。

Foul odors in the hospital environment mainly come from patients, specifically their excrement and discharges. In the clinical laboratory, there are many origins of bad odors, including patient specimens and chemicals. We investigated and discussed odors detected in the clinical laboratory of our hospital. The laboratory handles many kinds of specimens, such as samples of blood, urine and feces obtained from patients. These specimens generate volatile chemicals throughout the examination process, starting from processing the samples all the way down to their storage. The microbiology laboratory is particularly odious, with smells coming from culture media as well as specimens with pathogens, such as sputum, urine, blood, feces, cerebrospinal fluid and pus. Although some methods to counter these odors, such as deodorization and ventilation, have been implemented, they are not very effective. Methods based on cost performance must be developed. Medical facilities must remain hygienic and comfortable, so developing effective methods of eliminating odors remains an issue to be resolved.

Journal

  • Indoor Environment

    Indoor Environment 21(2), 139-143, 2018

    Society of Indoor Environment, Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007428815
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11443020
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1882-0395
  • NDL Article ID
    029193066
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-C556
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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