看護師長の承認行為尺度の開発 Development of a Scale for "Recognition Behavior from Head Nurse"

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<p>本研究の目的は「看護師長の承認行為項目リスト」(萩本,2009)をもとに「看護師長の承認行為尺度」を開発し,信頼性と妥当性を確認することである.研究対象は,看護師長以上の管理者を除く看護師606名である.因子分析等から項目の削除と構成概念妥当性の検討,「ミネソタ満足度尺度」および「組織コミットメント尺度」の下位尺度である「情動的コミットメント」との相関係数から基準関連妥当性を検討,Cronbach <i>α</i>等から信頼性を検討した.その結果,「看護師長の承認行為尺度」は32項目から22項目に洗練された.信頼性は,尺度の全体のCronbach <i>α</i>が0.96,各因子では0.85~0.92(p < .001)であり,内的整合性が高いことが確認された.妥当性については,「ミネソタ満足度尺度」とは r =0.51(p < .001)で有意な相関を認め基準関連妥当性が支持された.しかし,「情動的コミットメント」とは r =0.31(p < .001)で弱い相関であり,基準関連妥当性の確認については課題が残った.因子分析では「看護師長の承認行為項目リスト」(萩本,2009)と同じ4因子『親密な交流』『支持的な相談・助言』『心地よい注目』『肯定的な業績評価』が抽出された.22項目の累積寄与率は69.3%であり,構成概念妥当性は確保された.</p><p>看護管理者が本尺度を参考にして承認行為を実践することにより,看護師の職務満足を高め,組織コミットメントを強めることが可能となる.することである.</p>

<p>The purpose of this study is to develop a "Recognition Behavior from Head Nurse" scale based on the "List of Recognition Behavior from Head Nurse Items (Hagimoto, 2009)" and verify its reliability and validity. The study subjects were 606 nurses excluding managers who have the title of head nurse or higher working. Possible item reduction and construct validity were examined by means of factor analysis and others means, criterion-related validity was reviewed based on the correlation coefficient with the "Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire" and the "Affective Commitment", which is a sub-scale of the "Organizational Commitment Scale", and reliability was evaluated based on a Cronbach's alpha test, etc. As a result, the scale has been refined from 32 to 22 items. In the aspect of reliability, the Cronbach's alpha level was 0.96 for the entire scale, and 0.85 to 0.92 (p<.001) for each factor, demon-strating a high internal consistency. As for the validity, the correlation with the "Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire" was r = 0.51 (p<.001), and the "Affective Commitment" was r = 0.31 (p<.001). Thus, Only the former of the criterion-related validity has been supported. The factor analysis has extracted the same four factors stated in the "List of Recognition Behavior from Head Nurse Items (Hagimoto, 2009)", namely "Close Communication", "Supportive Consultation/Advice", "Comfortable Attention", and "Positive Performance Evaluation". As the cumulative contribution ratio of the 22 items was 69.3%, the construct validity has been confirmed.</p><p>Job satisfaction and organizational commitment of nurses can be heightened when nursing supervi-sors use the scale as a reference in implementing the recognition behavior.</p>

収録刊行物

  • 日本看護管理学会誌

    日本看護管理学会誌 18(1), 56-65, 2014

    一般社団法人 日本看護管理学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130007432441
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1347-0140
  • データ提供元
    J-STAGE 
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