計画住宅地における施設整備とコミュニティ・ケアの展開 －住宅生活協同組合が建設供給した神戸市「北須磨団地」の事例研究－ [in Japanese] THE DEVELOPMENT OF FACILITY CONSTRUCTION AND COMMUNITY CARE IN RESIDENTIAL AREA:A study on Kitasuma-danchi developed by a Housing Co-op [in Japanese]
Access this Article
Search this Article
This study examined the residential area created based on community care through a case study. In the case study, Kitasuma-danchi in Kobe City developed by Hyogo housing co-op in 1975 was analyzed. In Kitasuma-danchi, the housing co-op, the residents' association, and social welfare corporations provided various types of facilities. In particular, three social welfare corporations, the attributes of which differ from each other, managed a total of ten facilities for the elderly and the disabled.<br> First, this study examined the development of Kitasuma-danchi by the housing co-op and analyzed the facilities created by the residents' association. Kitasuma-danchi was the first large-scale housing complex developed by the Hyogo Labour Bank, which developed housing complexes for members of trade unions. When planning this project, the housing co-op was established in order to unify the construction and management of the housing complex. In addition to the construction of residences, the housing co-op had provided facilities such as co-op stores, day nurseries, and meeting places, for residents who became members of the housing co-op. The residents' association was responsible for reflecting the residents' needs in the above-mentioned facilities provided by the housing co-op. As members, the residents had a right to reflect their intentions in the facilities provided by the housing co-op.<br> Next, this study analyzed the process by which social welfare facilities were provided by social welfare corporations. Social welfare corporation A was newly established by the housing co-op to manage day nurseries. It was managed by the officers of the residents' association and provided facilities for the elderly and the disabled after the day nurseries. In Kitasuma-danchi, social welfare corporations B and C also managed social welfare facilities. In the 1980s, social welfare corporation B was in charge of a facility for the disabled in Hyogo Prefecture. Social welfare corporation C was managed by the users' families, and it provided a facility for the disabled in the 1990s.<br> After understanding the needs of the elderly, the residents' association provided a facility for the elderly managed by social welfare corporation A. Before social welfare corporation A began to offer social welfare services for the disabled, the residents had to understand social welfare for the disabled through the experience gained by social welfare corporations B and C and the needs of social welfare for the disabled existing in the local communities. In recent times, these social welfare corporations have provided various types of social welfare facilities using vacant land and unoccupied residences. This was realized after the residents' association had examined the current situation of Kitasuma-danchi and satisfied the residents' interests.<br> Finally, this study examined the actual state of community care constructed through the resident's encouragement to the residential area. The result revealed that community care created a new form of using spaces in the housing complex and one of its roles was to update the residential area.
- Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ)
Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) (750), 1487-1495, 2018-08
Architectural Institute of Japan