都市祭礼における対抗関係と見物人の作用:長浜曳山祭における「裸参り」行事を手がかりとして  [in Japanese] The Relationship between Conflicts and Audience in Local Community Festival::The Case of "Praying Rally" (hadakamairi) in Hikiyama Festival in Nagahama, Shiga  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

<p>本稿は, 伝統的な都市祭礼における複数の祭礼集団間の対抗関係と, それを楽しむ見物人のまなざしと行為とが対抗関係に与える作用について明らかにする. 従来の都市祭礼研究の多くは対抗や競い合いが祭礼の場において具体的にどのように成立し, それぞれの町内の人々によって経験されるのかについて, そしてその優劣を判断する見物人の存在が対抗関係にもたらす作用について, 十分に論じてこなかった.</p><p>また見物人のまなざしが与える影響について分析した数少ない研究においても, 担い手たちが祭礼における対抗関係をどのように経験し, それに基づく興奮と面白さを創り出すのか, またそれを眺める見物人が対抗関係にどう関与し, 「面白さ」を拡大すべくいかに担い手に働きかけるのかといった, 担い手と見物人の意識および行為を十分に捉えることができていない.</p><p>本稿では上記の点について明らかにすべく, 滋賀県長浜市の長浜曳山祭という都市祭礼において, 祭礼組織同士の対抗関係が喧嘩という形で最もあらわになる「裸参り」行事を事例として分析を行う. そこで見物人のまなざしの下での祭礼における対抗関係について, 担い手・見物人双方の興奮と楽しみが創り出されていく仕組みや, 見物人たちが担い手に対して対抗関係を拡大すべくどのように働きかけるかについて論じ, 見物人の対抗関係への作用とそれが都市祭礼においてもつ意味の重要性について明らかにする.</p>

<p>In this paper, the author investigates how audiences affect conflicts and competitions among participants in the local community festival. Previous research focuses on conflicts and competitions because of their high correlation with the concepts of legitimacy and superiority in community festivals. However, competitions and conflicts are underpinned not only by participants but also by audiences. A lot of researchers have attempted to examine conflicts in festival groups, but they have not investigated the effect of audiences.</p><p>The author conducted research on the process of conflicts by some festival groups in context of the gaze of audiences. The case study for this research was the "praying rally" (hadakamairi) in Hikiyama Festival in Nagahama, Shiga, which is conducted by some festival groups in local areas. Although participants vie and compete during the festival, its success requires the cooperation of the groups. The author investigated the bumping and fighting among the groups on the street during the praying rally. Drawing on the observations, there was evidence of some conflicts based on the negative connection (in'nen) among local groups. Negative connections are transmitted from audiences to participants: audiences tell participants rumors of other participant groups, expecting fights to happen on the street. The smallest provocation provides participants with motivation and triggers a fight.</p><p>Both audiences and participants expect these conflicts between groups. To meet the audience's expectation, participants trust the negative connection and actualize the conflicts as street fights and bumping. In this process, audiences can see the exciting conflicts on the street and participants can justify their bumping and satisfy their pride. Thus, the praying rally has roles of not only praying but also fighting with participants from other local festival groups.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Sociological Review

    Japanese Sociological Review 68(2), 265-282, 2017

    The Japan Sociological Society

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007492381
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00109823
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0021-5414
  • NDL Article ID
    028605448
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-265
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
Page Top