熊沢蕃山の「大道」と「神道」  [in Japanese] Kumazawa Banzan's Theory of Daidō and Shinto  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>熊沢蕃山について、従来は主に実践的な修養論や合理主義的な経世論が注目され、「神道」の「再興」を唱える宗教論については深く議論されてこなかった。「蕃山の「神道」は結局のところ儒教に過ぎない」、あるいは「蕃山の「儒教」は本来の儒教ではなく日本化している」といった評価がなされるばかりで、いずれにせよ牽強付会による神儒習合として思想的価値を低く見積もられてきたのである。</p><p>本稿では「儒教か神道か」という不毛な本質主義的問題設定を避け、蕃山が「神道」をしばしば「大道」と表現していることに注目して、それが儒教経典に基づきつつ、儒教自体をも相対化する普遍主義的な議論であり、西欧の自然的宗教論と比較し得るような一種の宗教理論であることを論じる。その普遍主義的な宗教理論を近世の日本という具体的な時代、地域の状況に合わせて実践する宗教制度論において、蕃山は「神道」再興論を展開したのである。</p>

<p>Researchers have focused on Kumazawa Banzan's practical theory of moral cultivation (修養論) and rationalistic political thought (経世論), but have not deeply discussed his theory of religion, which proposed the restoration of Shinto. This is due to the fact that researchers see Kumazawa's thought as a far-fetched syncretism of Shinto and Confucianism. Hence, their assessments are poles apart: "Kumazawa's Shinto is nothing but Confucianism in the end" or "his Confucianism isn't the original but Japanized."</p><p>Essentialist framings like "is Kumazawa's thought Confucianism or Shinto?" should be avoided. In this paper, noting that Kumazawa often expresses Shinto as "Daidō (大道)," I assert that he offers a universalistic argument which is based on the Confucian classics and relativizes Confucianism itself, as well as that it is a sort of theory of religion which can be compared with Western theories about natural religion. I hold that Kumazawa argues for the restoration of Shinto as a result of his exploration as to how to put a universalistic theory of the religious into practice in the form of a specific religion system tailored to the situations of the concrete epoch and region in early modern Japan.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of religious studies

    Journal of religious studies 92(1), 1-26, 2018

    Japanese Association for Religious Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007492644
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00406454
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3293
  • NDL Article ID
    029087612
  • NDL Call No.
    Z9-184
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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