成人看護学演習に演劇ワークショップを取り入れた学習効果に対する評価尺度の作成  [in Japanese] Development of evaluation standards for educational effectiveness that incorporates a drama workshop into methodology of adult nursing  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 新井 清美 Arai Kiyomi
    • 首都大学東京健康福祉学部看護学科 Division of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University
    • 西村 ユミ Nishimura Yumi
    • 首都大学東京健康福祉学部看護学科 Division of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University
    • 福井 里美 Fukui Satomi
    • 首都大学東京健康福祉学部看護学科 Division of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University
    • 三浦 里織 Miura Saori
    • 首都大学東京健康福祉学部看護学科 Division of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University
    • 飯塚 哲子 Iizuka Hiroko
    • 首都大学東京健康福祉学部看護学科 Division of Nursing Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University

Abstract

本研究の目的は,成人看護学(急性期)実習までの学習の一環として,成人看護学技術演習に演劇ワークショップ(WS)を取り入れた学習効果を測定するための評価尺度を作成することである。研究者間で行った「WS の演習の学習効果として期待するもの」に関する討議を質的帰納的に分析し,WS 教育効果(36 項目)を作成した。これにWS の役割と当日実演の有無を加えた全38 項目の質問紙を作成し,看護学科3 年生を対象として2 か年調査(157 名)を実施,探索的因子分析と確認的因子分析を行った。その結果,WS 教育効果評価尺度は,探索的因子分析により「医療現場を想定した場面の組み立て」「急性期の状況・状態の理解」「臨場感ある表現」「課題への取り組み」「連携の表現」の29 項目で構成される5 下位尺度が抽出され,確認的因子分析でも妥当な適合度が得られた。本尺度は構成概念妥当性,内的整合性を満たしており,プログラムの効果測定と,学生の学習課題明確化の方法としての活用が期待される。

The purpose of this study was to develop evaluation standards for measuring theeducational effectiveness that incorporates a drama workshop( WS) into the Methodology ofAdult Nursing as part of learning in preparation for acute-phase adult nursing practicums. Anin-depth discussion was conducted among the researchers regarding what they expect interms of educational effectiveness from training that incorporates such workshops. Thediscussions were analyzed from qualitative and inductive perspectives to reveal theeducational effects of the workshop( 36 items). The roles at the workshops and whether ornot the participant actually played a part as an actor on the day of the workshop wereincluded, which enabled us to create a questionnaire with a total of 38 items. A two-year studywas conducted on 157 third-year students in the nursing department, after which exploratoryfactor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were performed.The exploratory factoranalysis identified five subcategories of evaluation standards of workshop effectiveness,consisting of 29 items: 1. constructing a situation simulating a realistic medical setting; 2.understanding of acute situations/conditions; 3. Authentically acted-out depiction of medicalscenario; 4. Proactive approach to challenges; and 5. Convincing rendition of cooperationbetween nurses and other staff. A reasonable fit was also obtained through confirmatoryfactor analysis. These standards satisfied construct validity, and internal consistency. Webelieve these standards to have potential for utilization as an index of the effectiveness ofprograms and as a method of identifying student learning challenges.

Journal

  • The Journal of Japan Academy of Health Sciences

    The Journal of Japan Academy of Health Sciences 19(3), 111-119, 2016

    Japan Academy of Health Sciences

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007496232
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12001334
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    1880-0211
  • NDL Article ID
    027829993
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-B494
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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