津波で被災した現地再建者の地震・津波に対するリスク認知・防災リテラシー・備えの実態 -東日本大震災で被災した名取市の事例-  [in Japanese] ACTUAL CONDITIONS OF RISK PERCEPTION, DISASTER PREVENTION LITERACY AND PREPAREDNESS FOR EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMI OF THE INHABITANTS WHO REBUILT IN THE AREA INUNDATED BY TSUNAMI  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿では,東日本大震災で被災した宮城県名取市の被災者を対象として質問紙調査を実施することで,津波被災後に現地再建をした人の津波リスク認知,防災リテラシー,地震・津波に対する備えの実態を定量的に明らかにした.その結果,以下の主要な結果が得られた.1)現地再建者は,内陸移転者に比べ,津波リスク認知が低く,自分が生きている間にまた津波が来るのではないかと考えている人の割合が低い.2)回答者全体で見ると津波の再来を予想していても自分自身には被害が出ないと思っている人が多い.3)現地再建者の防災リテラシーは,内陸移転者に比べて低い可能性がある.4)津波に対する備えは,現地再建者の方が実施している人の割合は高いが,それ以外の備えは内陸移転者の方が実施している人の割合が高く,備えの総数も内陸移転者の方が多い傾向にある.

 In this paper, we conducted a questionnaire survey for survivors affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake in Natori city, Miyagi prefecture. Thereby, we clarified the actual conditions of tsunami risk perception, disaster prevention literacy, preparedness for next earthquakes and tsunami of inhabitants who rebuilt in the area inundated by the tsunami. As a result, the following main results were obtained. 1) Compared with the inhabitants who relocated to inland, the inhabitants who rebuilt in the area inundated by the tsunami have lower tsunami risk perception. And the proportion of those who think that tsunami will come again while they are alive is high. 2) Many people think that they will not be affected themselves by tsunami even if they predict the return of tsunami. 3) There is a possibility that the disaster prevention literacy of the inhabitants who rebuilt in the area inundated by tsunami is lower than that of the inhabitants who relocated to inland. 4) The inhabitants who rebuilt in the area inundated by tsunami is higher for the proportion of those who implement the preparation for tsunami. On the one hand, for other preparations and the total number of the preparations, the inhabitants who relocated to inland is higher.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. B2 (Coastal Engineering)

    Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. B2 (Coastal Engineering) 74(2), I_487-I_492, 2018

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

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