ドライな還元地球の誕生と大気海洋成分の二次的付加で説明されるABELモデルと,生命惑星誕生におけるABEL爆撃の重要性  [in Japanese] ABEL Model of the Two-step Formation of the Earth and the Significance of ABEL Bombardment to Produce a Habitable Planet  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

<p> In the recently proposed ABEL model, the Earth was born as a dry planet without atmosphere and ocean components at 4.56 Ga. From 4.37 to 4.20 Ga, bio-elements, such as carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), and nitrogen (N), were secondarily accreted on the Earth. This two-step formation model of the Earth is referred to as the advent of the bio-elements model (ABEL Model) and the event of the advent of bio-elements (water component) is referred to as ABEL Bombardment. It is evident that the solid Earth originated from enstatite chondrite-like dry material because of its oxygen isotopic composition and similar isotopes. On the other hand, the Earth's water originated primarily from carbonaceous chondrite material based on the hydrogen isotopic ratio. The ABEL model successfully explains this enigma between solid Earth and water. In addition, the importance of the secondary accretion of oxidizing bio-elements should be emphasized because this event became a precursor to initiating the metabolism for life to emerge on a highly reductive planet. If ABEL Bombardment had not occurred, life would never have emerged on the Earth. Therefore, ABEL Bombardment was one of the most important events for this planet to evolve into a habitable planet. Moreover, ABEL Bombardment is thought to be the trigger to switch from stagnant lid tectonics to plate tectonics on this planet because of the injection of volatiles into the initial dry Earth.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi)

    Journal of Geography (Chigaku Zasshi) 127(5), 647-682, 2018

    Tokyo Geographical Society

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007510401
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00322536
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0022-135X
  • NDL Article ID
    029327702
  • NDL Call No.
    Z15-169
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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