南インド,ケーララ州における有機農業推進政策 Organic Agricultural Policy in Kerala, South India

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著者

    • 秋山 晶子 AKIYAMA Akiko
    • 京都大学アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科,日本学術振興会特別研究員DC Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University, Research Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Sicience

抄録

In 2002, the state government of Kerala, India, launched an organic agriculture policy initiative with the document Jaivakeralam: The Context and Need for a "Sustainable Agricultural Development Policy" for the State of Kerala, a policy statement promoting organic agriculture as a sustainable alternative for Kerala in the post-Green Revolution era. During the beginning of the organic agriculture movement in the 1960s and 1970s in Europe and Japan, organic farming represented antimodern agriculture. The movement explored environmentally friendly farming, as well as alternative, face-toface local markets. Organic farming in Kerala, however, is basically export-oriented and pro-market. Nevertheless, it aims to support marginalized and small farmers, employing a package of subsidies and price guarantees. Therefore, this paper explores how the antimodern aspects of the organic agriculture movement were combined with a pro-market "alternative, " investigates the policy process that made organic agriculture a priority in Kerala., and illuminates the stresses and negotiation of agricultural policymaking in contemporary India.

<p>In 2002, the state government of Kerala, India, launched an organic agriculture policy initiative with the document <i>Jaivakeralam: The Context and Need for a </i>"<i>Sustainable Agricultural Development Policy</i>"<i> for the State of Kerala</i>, a policy statement promoting organic agriculture as a sustainable alternative for Kerala in the post-Green Revolution era. During the beginning of the organic agriculture movement in the 1960s and 1970s in Europe and Japan, organic farming represented antimodern agriculture. The movement explored environmentally friendly farming, as well as alternative, face-to-face local markets. Organic farming in Kerala, however, is basically export-oriented and pro-market. Nevertheless, it aims to support marginalized and small farmers, employing a package of subsidies and price guarantees. Therefore, this paper explores how the antimodern aspects of the organic agriculture movement were combined with a pro-market "alternative," investigates the policy process that made organic agriculture a priority in Kerala., and illuminates the stresses and negotiation of agricultural policy-making in contemporary India. </p>

収録刊行物

  • アジア・アフリカ地域研究

    アジア・アフリカ地域研究 7(2), 191-213, 2008

    京都大学大学院アジア・アフリカ地域研究研究科

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130007535127
  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    AA11551227
  • 本文言語コード
    JPN
  • 資料種別
    Departmental Bulletin Paper
  • 雑誌種別
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1346-2466
  • NDL 記事登録ID
    9482985
  • NDL 雑誌分類
    ZG71(歴史・地理--アジア・アフリカ)
  • NDL 請求記号
    Z71-F169
  • データ提供元
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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