社会保障の給付負担に対する選択を決定する要因は何か―個人の意識の役割  [in Japanese] What Factors Determine How the Benefits and Burdens of Social Security Are Chosen? Individual Consciousness and the Role of Education  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本稿では,経済産業研究所が実施したアンケート調査の結果を用いて,増税の是非と社会保障の縮小・拡大という選択に対して,信頼や公共心などの個人の意識がどのような影響を与えるかを分析した.特に,増税せずに社会保障の拡大を求める人々の特徴をみると,税負担と社会保障増減の整合性を取るような財政中立的選択を支持する人々に比べ,政府・他人への信頼や公共心が低い一方,政府への依存が強く,市場経済に懐疑的であった.また,教育水準,時間当たりの所得,相対所得が低かった.これらの結果は,将来に向けて財政・社会保障の持続可能性を確保していく上で,政府・他人に対する信頼や公共心を醸成していくことが重要であることを示唆している.</p>

<p>In this paper, we analyze the influence of individual consciousness such as trust and civicness on their preferences for policy choices regarding tax and social security by using the results of the questionnaire. In particular, looking into the characteristics of people who prefer an expansion of social security without increasing taxes, they have lower trust and civicness but depend more on the government and are skeptical of the market economy, compared to those who take into consideration of the consistency of fiscal balance between benefits and burdens of social security. For the former, their years of education are comparatively less, and they earn a lower hourly income as well as lower relative income. These results suggest that trust of the government, employment opportunities, civicness, and education, which includes understanding of the market economy, are important in maintaining sustainability in fiscal balance and the social security system.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Behavioral Economics and Finance

    Journal of Behavioral Economics and Finance 11(0), 54-74, 2018

    Association of Behavioral Economics and Finance

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