佐渡における環境保全型農業の到達点と課題  [in Japanese] Results of and Issues Surrounding Environmentally Friendly Farming Practices in Sado  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿は佐渡における環境保全型農業の到達点と課題を,農業環境政策の観点から検討する.同市の認証制度はレファレンスレベルの明確化・向上,基準の二段階化,所得補償を意識した交付金単価という特徴を有する.また環境支払は,単収減と価格プレミアム不足に由来する農業所得減少を補填する役割を担っている.これらにより環境保全型農業が広範かつ迅速に展開した.近年は認証面積が微減に転じており,施策の再検討が求められる.

Our aim was to elucidate the results of and issues surrounding environmentally friendly farming practices in Sado City from the viewpoint of agri-environmental measures. Some municipalities, including Sado City, have executed agri-environmental payments ahead of the national government. We clarified the characteristics of the farming certification system in Sado, the aim of which was to create a rural environment suitable for sustaining the Japanese crested ibis, mainly from the viewpoint of reference level. The reference level is a demarcation of responsibility that farmers have to bear in the form of compliance and society has to bear in the form of public payment. We also estimated agricultural income from environmentally friendly farming practices and the compensation effect of agri-environmental payment.<br>The farming certification system has the following characteristics: clarification and progress of the reference level by controlling the amount of chemicals used, a dual standard of certification (particularly regarding winter-flooding practices), and establishment of grant unit price in consideration of farmers' income compensation. The agri-environmental payment compensated for the income loss caused by the slight decline (dozens of kilograms) of unit yield and the shortage of selling price premium (1,500 yen per 60 kg). Owing to these factors, environmentally friendly farming practices have been widely and rapidly adopted in Sado. However, as certified field areas have slightly decreased in recent years, examination of support measures should be conducted.

Journal

  • Journal of the rural issues

    Journal of the rural issues 46(2), 8-19, 2015

    Rural Issues Association of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007546415
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10363959
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0915-597X
  • NDL Article ID
    026799252
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-2882
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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