現代日本語における「デ」格の意味役割の再考:コーパス頻度調査に基づく用法記述の精緻化と認知的意味拡張モデルの検証  [in Japanese] Semantic Role of the Case Particle <i>de</i> in Modern Japanese:A Corpus-based Approach to the Improved Usage Description and Verification of the Radial Category Model  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

格助詞「デ」の意味役割については多くの研究がなされているが,量的アプローチを組み込んだものは必ずしも多くない.本研究は,現代日本語書き言葉均衡コーパスの7ジャンルから収集した700用例に対して24種の意味役割のコーディングを行い,個々の意味役割に関して,(1)具体的特性,(2)頻度的階層性,(3)内部分類,(4)プロトタイプからの距離の4点を調査した.その結果,(1')個々の意味役割は特定の名詞群によって具現化されており,(2')時空間系が最も高頻度で手段・付帯状況系がそれに次ぎ,(3')中核グループ(場所・手段・理由・様態)とその他のグループに大別され,(4')プロトタイプとされる場所格との距離は先行研究の言う意味拡張モデルとある程度合致していることが示された.

Although semantic roles of the Japanese case particle de have been studied from varied angles, relatively few studies have attempted to incorporate a quantitative approach into examination of its usage. The author, therefore, conducted a quantitative analysis of the Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese (BCCWJ) and assigned twenty-four semantic role codes to seven hundred text samples taken from the corpus. Then, the author investigated (1)what kind of features each of the twenty-four semantic roles had, (2)how often each of them occurred in the attested data, (3)how they were classified, and (4)to which extent each of them deviated from the prototypical semantic role. The frequency-based investigation has proven that (1')each semantic role is embodied by a highly limited set of collocating nouns, (2')place-related semantic roles occur most often, and they are followed by measure/ situation-related semantic roles, (3')semantic roles can be classified into a core group (place, measures, reasons, state) and the others, and (4')the distances from the prototype are roughly in accordance with those suggested in the radial category model.

Journal

  • Mathematical Linguistics

    Mathematical Linguistics 31(2), 99-115, 2017

    The Mathematical Linguistic Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007556055
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00073067
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0453-4611
  • NDL Article ID
    028545793
  • NDL Call No.
    Z13-297
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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