食料品充足率を加味した食料品アクセスマップの開発 [in Japanese] The Development of New Food Access Maps That Shows the Availability of Food for Healthy Eating Indicator Shopping Baskets [in Japanese]
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Food access is key to understanding the elderly's shopping environment. Usually, food access is simply calculated based on the distance between an elderly person's home and his/her nearest fresh food store. The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries has used this approach to make food access maps throughout Japan. However, these maps do not account for the different food products that are available at different stores.<br>The purpose of this study was to develop new food access maps using food availability rates for healthy eating indicator shopping basket (HEISB). First, we developed three types of HEISB: fresh food (with 33 items), processed food (with 49 items), and ready to eat meals (with three items). The types of food retailers we examined were supermarkets, convenience stores, drug stores, discount stores, and mobile sales wagons, each of which was located in our study area. Second, we developed three new types of food access maps using the availability of food in these store types to supply the three types of HEISB.<br>Food availability for the three HEISB types differed dramatically by store type. For fresh foods, all supermarkets and mobile sales wagons showed high availability, some convenience stores had middle levels of availability, and the availability at other store types was quite low. However, with respect to processed foods, many stores showed high degrees of availability, including supermarkets, convenience stores, and drug stores. For ready to eat meals, most stores showed more than 80% availability of the required food items.<br>Recently, elderly Japanese citizens have greatly increased their consumption of processed foods and ready to eat meals. Thus, these new food access maps will give us a more accurate representation of the elderly's food shopping environment.
- Journal of Food System Research
Journal of Food System Research 25(3), 81-96, 2018
The Food System Research Association of Japan