Different Impact of Changes in Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction Between Heart Failure Classifications in Patients With Acute Decompensated Heart Failure

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Abstract

<p><b><i>Background: </i></b>Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) can dramatically change when the patient has acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). We investigated the impact of LVEF and subsequent changes on prognosis in patients with ADHF through a prospective study.</p><p><b><i>Methods and Results: </i></b>A total of 516 hospitalized patients with ADHF were evaluated. Echocardiography was performed on admission, prior to discharge, and 1 year after discharge. The primary endpoint was a composite of cardiovascular death and hospitalization. In heart failure with reduced EF (HFrEF; LVEF <40%), LVEF did not significantly improve during hospitalization (P=0.348); however, it improved after discharge (P<0.001). In contrast, LVEF improved during hospitalization (P<0.001) in HF with preserved EF (HFpEF; LVEF ≥50%). In HF with mid-range EF (HFmrEF; LVEF 40–49%), LVEF consistently improved throughout the observation period (P<0.001). A multivariable Cox model showed that improved LVEF after discharge was associated with a better outcome in HFrEF (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.951; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.928–0.974; P<0.001), while improved LVEF during hospitalization was associated with a better outcome in HFpEF (HR: 0.969; 95% CI: 0.940–0.998; P=0.038). </p><p><b><i>Conclusions: </i></b>Improved LVEF after discharge in HFrEF and during hospitalization in HFpEF was associated with a better prognosis in patients with ADHF. Longitudinal improvements in LVEF had different prognostic impact, depending on the HF type by LVEF measurement. </p>

Journal

  • Circulation Journal

    Circulation Journal 83(3), 584-594, 2019

    The Japanese Circulation Society

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007604157
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11591968
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    1346-9843
  • NDL Article ID
    029537803
  • NDL Call No.
    Z54-B860
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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