自動車運転中の車載機器操作に加齢が与える影響:時間知覚と活性化拡散に着目したシミュレーションによる検討  [in Japanese] Aging Effects on Operations of an In-Car Device: Simulations Focusing on Time Perception and Activation Spreading  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 三輪 和久 Miwa Kazuhisa
    • 名古屋大学大学院情報学研究科心理・認知科学専攻 Graduate School of Informatics, Nagoya University
    • 須藤 智 Suto Satoru
    • 静岡大学 学術院 融合・グローバル領域(大学教育センター) Education Development Center, Shizuoka University
    • 牧口 実 Makiguchi Minoru
    • トヨタ自動車株式会社車両技術開発部認知・心理解析グループ Vehicle Engineering Development Division, Toyota Motor Corporation
    • 繆 嘉傑 Jiajie Miao
    • トヨタ自動車株式会社車両技術開発部HMI・ランプグループ Vehicle Engineering Development Division, Toyota Motor Corporation

Abstract

 In recent years, advanced driving support systems have been introduced in automobiles. When using such systems, drivers have to engage in two parallel tasks: driving a car and operating the systems. However, elderly people have some difficulties in engaging in such a dual-task. Based on the model-based approach using a computational cognitive model, this paper examines the relationship between the difficulties and the decline of two cognitive abilities in elderly people: time perception and working memory capacity. Results of the simulations showed that each decline caused a different type of problem independently. Specifically, the decline in the abilities of time perception led to poorer driving performance, and the lowering of working memory capacity caused failures of the button press operations.

Journal

  • Cognitive Studies

    Cognitive Studies 25(3), 279-292, 2018

    Japanese Cognitive Science Society

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007605622
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN1047304X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1341-7924
  • NDL Article ID
    029257180
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-B640
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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