国立大学の財政・財務と進学機会:──授業料の上昇可能性がもつ含意を中心に──  [in Japanese] AN EXAMINATION OF THE INFLUENCE OF A CHANGE IN THE PUBLIC FUNDING SCHEME FOR NATIONAL UNIVERSITIES ON HIGHER EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES IN JAPAN:FOCUSING ON THE IMPACT OF AN INCREASE IN TUITION FEES ON COLLEGE-GOING BEHAVIOR  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>This paper discusses the anticipated impacts of a change in the public funding scheme for Japanese national universities on higher educational opportunity for the college-age population, by forecasting an increase in tuition fees for each national university that offers undergraduate programs, and by examining the magnitude of influence of parental income on college attendance patterns.</p><p>The major findings are as follows: first, former Imperial universities and medical universities are likely to increase their tuition fees most rapidly if a proposal by the Ministry of Finance at the Fiscal System Council held on October 26, 2015 is implemented, which recommended that national universities should increase "self-generated income" excluding the income from University Hospitals by 1.6 percent year-onyear in order to lower the dependence on the Management Expenses Grants from the central government.</p><p>Second, a projection of tuition fees for 82 national universities, which fixed, the amount until now based on the total enrollment of undergraduate and graduate students, and the revenue generated from university-industry cooperation research, donations, entrance examination, and matriculation, suggested that on average (weighted average), the cost of tuition would increase by 1,260 dollars (126,000 yen) in six years, and that the amount could be even greater for the universities which enroll more students.</p><p>Third, a multiple regression analysis of aggregate data by prefecture revealed that the attendance rates for former Imperial Universities by prefecture of high school students' origin have a slightly positive correlation with parental income, while those for national universities (excluding Imperial Universities) are negatively correlated. In addition, this analysis found that the level of academic achievement in mathematics has a positive impact on the matriculation to both former Imperial Universities and non-Imperial national universities.</p><p>Based on these findings, it is suggested that if former Imperial Universities raise the cost of attendance without expanding student financial aid that includes grant and tuition waiver, low-income students with high achievement would be less likely to matriculate at these institutions. Moreover, competitor institutions such as large national and private universities could also raise their tuition fees as a reaction. In that case, more students would face a higher cost of admission. It should be an important issue in the near future whether some of the national universities adopt a set of policies coupling higher tuition fees with higher financial aid.</p>

Journal

  • Bulletin of the Japan Educational Administration Society

    Bulletin of the Japan Educational Administration Society 42(0), 53-68, 2016

    The Japan Educational Administration Society

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007617800
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0919-8393
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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