児童の版画作品を見る目の熟達:―教員養成系大学美術科教員と教育実習を経験した大学生の比較を通して―  [in Japanese] Knowledgeable Viewpoints to Appreciate Print Arts Created by Elementary School Children::Comparing Art Teacher Educators and Undergraduates Who Underwent Practical Training in School  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本研究の目的は,図工教育において児童の版画作品を見取る視点および指導方法を構成する具体的な手立てを提案することであった。作品を見取る視点を実際の視線行動と関連づけて調べるために,美術科教員4名と教育実習を経験した大学生4年生10名を対象に,図工の授業で創作された児童の版画作品を呈示刺激にして視線計測を行った。また,版画から読み取った情報から指導手順を構成し,ロールプレイしてもらった。実験の結果,視線の停留時間や移動時間に差はみられなかった。だが,視線移動の距離や時間のばらつきは美術科教員の方が小さく,また,大きな視線移動は美術科教員の方がより規則的な時間パターンで生じていた。また,美術科教員は授業の流れや使った素材,児童の創作過程を幅広く推測できるだけでなく,発想の展開,構図の決定,イメージを実現するための加筆といった造形に重要な観点を含んだ働きかけをしていた。</p>

<p>The purpose of this study is to provide the viewpoints to appreciate children's paint arts and the way to construct teaching method in elementary school. To examine eye-movement behaviors, 4 art teacher educators and 10 novices who underwent practical training at school were presented paint arts created by elementary school children during their eyesight's location were recorded using an eye-tracking device. All participants were asked to anticipate their own teaching methods for acting as if a teacher in the following roleplay. The results demonstrated that there existed no differences between the two groups in the mean duration of staying and moving. However, for art teacher educators compared to novices, the variances of the lengths and time durations were lower and irregularity of long-distance shifts in viewpoint was lower. Art teacher educators could anticipate the children's creating process including the flow of the instructions and the way to dealing with materials and tools. Moreover, the art teacher educators constructed teaching procedures that contained important instructional contents by which teacher would support to develop children's idea and concept, to determine the structure of the paint craft, and to add painting to complete details in accordance with children's creation image.</p>

Journal

  • Studies in Art Education

    Studies in Art Education 50(1), 273-280, 2018

    University Art Education Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007621044
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12831535
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    2433-2038
  • NDL Article ID
    029707332
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1788
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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