Journal of Health Science Metabolism of Butyrylfentanyl in Fresh Human Hepatocytes: Chemical Synthesis of Authentic Metabolite Standards for Definitive Identification

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Abstract

<p>The metabolism of butyrylfentanyl, a new designer drug, was investigated using fresh human hepatocytes isolated from a liver-humanized mouse model. In the culture medium of hepatocytes incubated with butyrylfentanyl, the desphenethylated metabolite (nor-butyrylfentanyl), ω-hydroxy-butyrylfentanyl, (ω-1)-hydroxy-butyrylfentanyl, 4′-hydroxy-butyrylfentanyl, β-hydroxy-butyrylfentanyl, 4′-hydroxy-3′-methoxy-butyrylfentanyl, and ω-carboxy-fentanyl were identified as the metabolites of butyrylfentanyl. Each metabolite was definitively identified by comparing the analytical data with those of authentic standards. The amount of the main metabolite, nor-butyrylfentanyl, reached 37% of the initial amount of butyrylfentanyl at 48 h. ω-Hydroxy-butyrylfentanyl and (ω-1)-hydroxy-butyrylfentanyl, formed by hydroxylation at the <i>N</i>-butyryl group of butyrylfentanyl, were the second and third largest metabolites, respectively. The majority of 4′-hydroxy-butyrylfentanyl and 4′-hydroxy-3′-methoxy-butyrylfentanyl was considered to be conjugated. CYP reaction phenotyping for butyrylfentanyl using human liver microsomes and various anti-CYP antibodies revealed that CYP3A4 was involved in the formation of nor-butyrylfentanyl, (ω-1)-hydroxy-butyrylfentanyl, and β-hydroxy-butyrylfentanyl. In contrast, CYP2D6 was involved in the formation of ω-hydroxy-butyrylfentanyl.</p>

Journal

  • Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin

    Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 42(4), 623-630, 2019

    The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007622119
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10885497
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0918-6158
  • NDL Article ID
    029604087
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-V41
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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