Physical Fitness Tests and Type 2 Diabetes Among Japanese: A Longitudinal Study From the Niigata Wellness Study

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著者

    • Momma Haruki
    • Division of Biomedical Engineering for Health and Welfare, Tohoku University Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering|Department of Health Promotion and Exercise, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition|Department of Hematology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Niigata University Faculty of Medicine
    • Ishizawa Masahiro
    • Department of Hematology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Niigata University Faculty of Medicine
    • Kodama Satoru
    • Department of Laboratory Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology for Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences
    • Iwanaga Midori
    • Department of Hematology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Niigata University Faculty of Medicine
    • Fujihara Kazuya
    • Department of Hematology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Niigata University Faculty of Medicine
    • Sone Hirohito
    • Department of Hematology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Niigata University Faculty of Medicine
    • Sawada Susumu S
    • Department of Health Promotion and Exercise, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition
    • Kato Kiminori
    • Department of Laboratory Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology for Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences
    • Gando Yuko
    • Department of Health Promotion and Exercise, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition
    • Miyachi Motohiko
    • Department of Health Promotion and Exercise, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition
    • Huang Cong
    • Department of Physical Education and Sports Science, Zhejiang University|Department of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine
    • Nagatomi Ryoichi
    • Division of Biomedical Engineering for Health and Welfare, Tohoku University Graduate School of Biomedical Engineering|Department of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine

抄録

<p><b>Background:</b> Simple physical fitness test can be a useful potential predictor of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). We examined the association between performances on simple physical fitness tests and the incidence of T2DM.</p><p><b>Methods:</b> This longitudinal study was conducted in 21,802 nondiabetic Japanese (6,649 women) aged 20 to 92 years, who underwent all physical fitness tests at baseline (April 2001 to March 2002). From April 2001 to March 2008, physical fitness tests, including grip strength, vertical jump, single-leg balance with eyes closed, forward bending, whole-body reaction time, and supine legs-up, were performed every year. Participants had physical fitness tests at least two times during the period. T2DM was also annually determined based on fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, and self-reported diabetes during the period. Discrete-time logit models were used to examine the influence of the serial level of each physical fitness test on the incidence of T2DM.</p><p><b>Results:</b> During the entire study period, 972 participants developed diabetes. Lower relative grip strength (grip strength/body weight) and single-leg balance performance were associated with a higher incidence of T2DM. For relative grip strength, as compared with the fourth quartile group, the odds ratios for other groups ranged from 1.16 to 1.56 (<i>P</i> for trend < 0.001). For single-leg balance, the odds ratios ranged from 1.03 to 1.49 (<i>P</i> for trend < 0.001).</p><p><b>Conclusion:</b> The performance of a simple single-leg balance test as well as that of a grip strength test were negatively associated with the risk of T2DM among Japanese.</p>

収録刊行物

  • Journal of Epidemiology

    Journal of Epidemiology 29(4), 139-146, 2019

    日本疫学会

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130007624295
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0917-5040
  • データ提供元
    J-STAGE 
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