学歴・収入・容姿が成婚と配偶者選択行動に与える影響::結婚相談サービスに内包されたメカニズム  [in Japanese] The Effects of Educational Attainment, Income, and Appearance on Success in Marriage Hunting and on Behavior of Partner Selection::The Specific Mechanism in Marriage Matching Service  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p> 本稿の目的は,大手の結婚相談サービス事業者であるX社の会員を対象にした調査から,学歴・収入・容姿が「成婚の可否」「異性からの選好されやすさ」「結婚相手のより好み」に与える影響を明らかにすることである.分析の結果,以下の三点が明らかになった.第一に,高学歴,高収入,高身長・低肥満といった客観的条件の多くは,男性の高収入を除き,成婚の確率を高めるとは言えない.第二に,男性では,高学歴,高収入,高身長・低肥満であるほど女性から選好の対象とされやすく,女性では,非大学院卒,高収入,低肥満であるほど男性から選好の対象とされやすい.第三に,男性では,高学歴,高収入,高身長・低肥満であるほどより好みしており,女性では,高収入,低肥満であるほどより好みをしている.つまり,結婚相談サービスを利用した婚活では,一般的な結婚とは異なり,学歴・収入・容姿で有利な条件を備えていることが成婚の可否へほとんど影響を与えておらず,これは,男女とも婚活市場における自身の価値に対応したより好みを行うというメカニズムが存在するためだと考えられる.</p>

<p>This paper examined the effects of educational attainment, income, and appearance on "success in marriage hunting", "popularity as arranged marriage partner" and "severity of partner selection" by the data from users of the largest marriage matching service company to clarify whether these factors are influential. As a result, the following three findings were obtained. Firstly, there are no effects of educational attainment, income, and appearance on its success except the positive effect of high income on that for male. Secondly, highly educated, high income, tall and/or low BMI males were popular as arranged partner. On the other hand, females who have master or doctoral degree were less popular as arranged partner, though high income and low BMI have a positive effect on that. Lastly, higher status males (highly educated, high income, tall and/or low BMI) and higher status females (high income and low BMI) tend to select partners severely. In summary, unlike usual marriage, the positive factors such as highly educated, high income, and good appearance are less effective on success in the matching service because both male and female will select their partners matching to their own status and it is a particular mechanism for this market.</p>

Journal

  • Sociological Theory and Methods

    Sociological Theory and Methods 33(2), 167-181, 2018

    Japanese Association For Mathematical Sociology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007626644
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10096921
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0913-1442
  • NDL Article ID
    029602884
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-2199
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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