かぜに対する認識と受診信念に関連する要因の探索~健診受診者を対象にしたアンケート調査より~  [in Japanese] Factors Associated with Knowledge of the Common Cold and Desire for Medical Treatment: A Cross-sectional Study of Citizens Undergoing Health Checkups  [in Japanese]

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<p><b>目的:</b>健診受診者を対象に,かぜに対する認識の現状と受診信念との関連を明らかにすべく調査した.</p><p><b>方法:</b>2012年8月~9月,茨城県X市健診受診者に対し,かぜに対する認識や対処行動について無記名自記式質問紙で調査した.</p><p><b>結果:</b>1079名(有効回答率74.5%)が調査対象となり,かぜをひいたら「点滴や注射を受けると早く治る」に75.9%が賛成し,42.0%が「ウイルスが原因のかぜは抗生物質が効かない」に反対した.また,同項目で28.6%が「分からない」と回答.また「かぜ薬を早めに飲むと早く治る(OR:1.61)と「点滴や注射を受けると早く治る(OR:1.86)」が受診信念に関連する要因であった.</p><p><b>結論:</b>かぜに対する認識,そして,抗生物質の効果や医療機関で行われる治療に対する理解が不十分なことが分かった.また,かぜ薬や点滴・注射が治癒期間を短縮するという認識が,受診信念と関連することが示された.</p>

<p><b>Introduction: </b>We investigated the relationship between knowledge of the common cold and desire for medical treatment.</p><p><b>Methods: </b>We administered an anonymous self-questionnaire about the common cold to citizens receiving health checkups in City X, Ibaraki Prefecture, between August and September 2012. We assessed citizens' knowledge about the common cold and whether they sought medical treatment for it, in addition to their demographic attributes.</p><p><b>Results: </b>We included 1079 citizens (response rate, 74.5%) in the analysis. The majority of participants believed that receiving intravenous (IV) infusions or injections for the common cold led to faster recovery times (75.9%). Roughly half of the participants (42.0%) did not believe that antibiotics are not effective against virus-based colds, while 28.6% were unsure. Finally, endorsement of the questionnaire items "taking cold medications early leads to faster recovery" (OR: 1.61) and "IV infusions or injections lead to faster recovery times" (OR: 1.86) were associated with a desire for medical treatment.</p><p><b>Conclusion: </b>Our results indicate that patients' knowledge about the common cold and their understanding of treatment options available at medical institutions were inadequate. Furthermore, we found that an awareness of how cold medicines, IV infusions, or injections may shorten treatment duration was associated with a desire for treatment.</p>

Journal

  • An Official Journal of the Japan Primary Care Association

    An Official Journal of the Japan Primary Care Association 42(1), 2-8, 2019

    JAPAN PRIMARY CARE ASSOCIATION

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