高齢者における歩行調整能力の違いによる身体的特徴  [in Japanese] Physical Characteristics of Elderly Persons with Favorable and Poor Walking Speed Adjustments  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>高齢者の歩行速度調整能力を検討するために,歩行速度を「普通歩行」,「やや速歩き」,「最速歩行」の3段階で実施し,主観的判断による速度変化と身体機能,注意機能,認知機能との関係性について検討した。本研究では,歩行速度が「普通歩行」,「やや速歩き」,「最速歩行」の順に変化している者を「調整可能群」,やや速歩きの速度が,普通歩行よりも遅かった者あるいは最速歩行より速かった者を「調整不良群」とした。その結果,「やや速歩き」の速度調整ができない高齢者が127名中50名(39.4%)いた。調整可能群は,調整不良群より,やや速歩きと最速歩行が有意に速い結果を示した。群間比較において、身体機能、注意機能、認知機能には有意な違いを示さなかったことから、調整不良群は、歩行速度を調整する際に、筋力、バランス能力などの機能が十分に活用できていない可能性が示唆された。</p>

<p>To examine elderly personsʼability to adjust their walking speed, we asked our subjects adopted 3 different walking speeds: normal, slightly fast, and at their maximum speed. The relationships among their ability to adjust their walking speed and physical, attention, cognitive functions were analyzed, dividing the subjects into 2 groups: favorable adjustment: the speed increased as they walk as normal, slightly fast, and at their maximum speed, in this order; and poor adjustment: the speed when walking slightly fast was slower than that when walking as normal or faster than that when walking at the maximum speed. Among the 127 elderly persons, 50 (39.4%) were unable to adjust their walking speed to walk slightly fast. Compared those with poor adjustment, elderly persons with favorable adjustment showed markedly more favorable values when walking slightly fast and at their maximum speed. As there were no significant differences between the groups in physical, attention, or cognitive functions, it may have been difficult for elderly persons with poor adjustment to sufficiently use their functions to adjust their walking speed.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Health Promotion and Physical Therapy

    Japanese Journal of Health Promotion and Physical Therapy 8(4), 169-173, 2019

    Japan Society of Health Promotion and Physical Therapy

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007627423
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    2186-3741
  • NDL Article ID
    029755378
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-H239
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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