環境規制が汚染集約産業の立地決定に及ぼす影響:-日本の対外直接投資についてのパネル・データ分析-  [in Japanese] Impact of Environmental Regulations on Pollution-intensive Sector Location:Panel Data Analysis on Japanese Foreign Direct Investment  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>環境規制の緩い国へ投資が惹きつけられるとする汚染逃避効果について,先行研究では,同効果を支持する結果もあれば逆の結果もある.本稿では,環境配慮への関心が高まっている日本に関し,製造業のうち汚染集約的なパルプ・製紙産業,化学・医療産業,鉄・非鉄・金属産業の3つの産業で,2006~2016 年の対外直接投資が投資先(北米,欧州,アジア大洋州の24か国・地域)の環境規制の緩急に影響されているか,環境関連条約の批准状況を代理変数として計量的に分析した.その結果,パルプ・製紙産業及び化学・医療産業で一部のモデルで正の効果が,鉄・非鉄・金属産業でほぼすべてのモデルで正の効果が推定され,汚染逃避と逆の効果が示された.</p>

<p>Many previous studies have performed empirical analysis regarding the pollution haven hypothesis, which posits that investment is attracted to countries whose environmental regulations are lax. The results of some empirical studies seem to confirm the hypothesis, while the results of other empirical studies do not. This study performed empirical analysis on Japan, where society has matured and interest in environmental protection has grown. It studied whether foreign direct investment by three pollution-intensive sectors in the manufacturing industry (pulp and paper, chemical and pharmaceutical, ferrous and non-ferrous metals) has been influenced by the strictness of environmental regulations in twenty-four countries/regions in North America, Europe, and the Asia-Pacific region, using ratification of environmental treaties as a proxy for strictness. The results showed that some models of the pulp and paper sector and the chemical and pharmaceutical sector indicated positive pollution haven effects, and most models of the ferrous and non-ferrous metals sector indicated positive effects. This demonstrates the converse effect of pollution havens.</p>

Journal

  • Review of Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

    Review of Environmental Economics and Policy Studies 12(1), 1-16, 2019

    The Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007644679
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1882-3742
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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