高等教育研究と大学職員論の課題  [in Japanese] Challenges Facing Higher Education Research and the Functions of University Administrators  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p> 本論は,近年勃興している大学職員論のメタ評価を試み,高等教育研究としての課題を整理したものである.近代日本の大学制度の展開において,国立大学職員組織は,幹部職員と大学採用の格差構造,大学職員と文部省職員の二重構造,学長と事務局長の二元構造という特徴を持つようになった.60年代の大学紛争後に,大学運営の民主化としてこの二元構造の克服が提唱されたが実現せず,90年代には少子化などを背景に,私学の大学職員論が生起し,1998年大学審議会答申を機に,国立大学職員論も展開されるようになった.しかし,国立大学職員論には,教員と職員の対抗図式の上に立って,職員の役割拡大と専門性向上を主張し,国立大学の職員組織の構造が視野に入っていないなどの問題がある.大学職員論を発展させるための研究的な課題と,高等教育研究を発展させるための大学職員論の課題双方を指摘した.</p>

<p>  This paper attempts to make a meta-evaluation of hitherto existing studies of university administrators and their functions, a field of study that has achieved prominence in recent years, identifying, as higher education research topics, issues related to this field, and locating these within a structured framework. The paper points out that, within the context of the development of the modern Japanese university system, three kinds of structures have arisen, namely a differential structure dividing core executive officers in the form of bureaucrats from university-appointed staff, a two-level structure dividing university administrative staff and Ministry of Education officials, and a dual-element structure comprising university presidents on the one hand and the heads of university secretariats on the other.</p><p>  Following the campus strife of the 1960s, proposals made within the context of the democratization of university administration with the aim of overcoming the third of these structural dualities, namely the dual-element structure referred to above proved incapable of realization. Further, against the background of the 1990s, typified by such factors as the declining birthrate, the study of private university administrators made its appearance as an issue, while on the other hand, the study of national university administrators began to be developed on the basis of the findings of the report made by the University Council in 1998.  However, problems that have been identified with regard to the study of national university administrators include the fact that on the one hand, it has emphasized expansion of the roles of administrators and enhanced specialization on the basis of an antagonistic schema that pits educational staff against administrators, while on the other hand, it has failed to take account of the organizational structure of national university administrative personnel. This paper identifies both research-oriented issues aimed at the development of research on university administrators, and issues related to the study of university administrators aimed at the development of higher education research.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Higher Education Research

    Japanese Journal of Higher Education Research 13(0), 23-42, 2010

    Japanese Association of Higher Education Research

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007649159
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA1125366X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    特集
  • ISSN
    13440063
  • NDL Article ID
    10724085
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-B438
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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