「学生の流動化」と進路形成:現状と可能性  [in Japanese] Student Mobility and Educational Career Formation:The Current Situation and Future Prospects  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p> いわゆる「大学全入時代」の到来によって,学力,進学動機,将来への展望などの面において多様な学生層が高等教育に進学するようになった.かつてのように入学時の学力選抜によって,学生の資質を維持することは急速に困難になりつつある.この状況下においては,学生の期待と提供される教育との間に様々なミスマッチが生じかねない.そこで入学後の進路変更を容易にし,学生が自らに適した学習経験を選択的に蓄積できるような仕組みを構築することが期待されている.</p><p> 本稿は,高等教育進学後に教育機関を移動して学習を継続する学生の増加(たとえば編入学生)に焦点をあて,「学生の流動化」の現状を明らかにし,今後の可能性を検討することを目的とする. 調査データによる現状分析からは以下の点が明らかになった.</p><p>・上記のような期待にもかかわらず,大学への編入学者は近年では増加しておらず,「学生の流動化」は停滞傾向にある.</p><p>・一方で,実際に高等教育機関を移動して学習を継続する学生の規模に比べると,転学等を潜在的に希望する学生の比率はかなり高い.</p><p>・1990年代以降,学生の流動化を可能にする様々な制度改革が実施されており,学生の移動を阻む要因は,制度の未整備の問題ではない.したがって高等教育システムのさらなる弾力化によって学生の流動化が促されるとは考えにくい.</p><p> これらの現状分析の結果を踏まえ,今後,学生の流動化が進展するためには,どのような条件が必要とされるかを考察した.</p>

<p>  This paper focuses on transfer students who continue to study while moving between two or more institutions and aims to explore the current status and future prospect of transfer students in Japan.</p><p>  Since the mid-90s, opportunities for university admission have been widening owing to the decline of the18-year old population. The greater the number of young people going on to higher education, the more factors such as scholastic achievement, learning aspirations, career prospects, and so on, have come to be diversified. At the same time, entrance examinations have rapidly lost their effectiveness in terms of maintaining the quality of students. This situation can give rise to various mismatches between students' expectations and the education offered to them. What comes to be recognized in these circumstances is the importance of facilitating educational career change even after enrollment, and of constructing a system whereby students are able to accumulate educational suitable learning experience for themselves in order to solve the kind of mismatches referred to above.</p><p>  The following points were clarified through an empirical analysis of survey data:・The number of transfer students did not increase over the past several years, though it was expected that it would.・However, the percentage of students who hope to transfer is significantly high compared with the number of students who actually move.・The factors that prevent students transferring should not be attributed to any inflexibility within the Japanese higher education system, because various policy measures to facilitate student transfer were implemented after the 1990s. Hence it is difficult to imagine in the present situation that student transfer would be further promoted by making the system still more flexible.</p><p>  On the basis of the above findings, various reflections are offered on the kind of conditions that will be needed to make student transfer become more frequent in the future.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Higher Education Research

    Japanese Journal of Higher Education Research 11(0), 107-126, 2008

    Japanese Association of Higher Education Research

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007649184
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA1125366X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    特集
  • ISSN
    13440063
  • NDL Article ID
    10592121
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZF1(教育)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-B438
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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