科学技術政策と大学財政  [in Japanese] Between Science and Technology Policy and University Financing  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p> 大学研究費のほとんどは公的研究費である.科学技術政策は公的研究費のファンディングを通じて,財政的に大学と深く結びついている.本稿の目的は科学技術政策が大学の財政や大学経営,研究活動にどのような影響を及ぼしてきたのかを検討することである.国立大学の公的研究費は非常に集中した状況にある。そのような傾向は,1990年代半ば以降の政策的変化によってもたらされたが,2000年代の政策により強化された。ファンディング・システムは,GUF 中心,DGF へのシフト,GUF の内部での分化,プロジェクト・ファンディングの多様化,COE ファンディングの登場と変容してきた。このような変化は,マクロレベル,機関レベル,研究者・研究グループレベルで影響を及ぼしたが,さまざまな問題を抱えている。</p>

<p>  Almost all research projects at university level are financially supported by the government. What links the government's science and technology policy to university finances is the science funding system. This paper aims to investigate how the science funding system influences university financing, management and research.</p><p>  There is currently a skewed distribution of public research funds among national universities in Japan, resulting from a series of policy changes carried out since 1996. In the early stages, the funding system did no more than manage the total amount comprised in the General University Funds, which were succeeded by the expanding Direct Government Funds. The recent transformation of science and technology policy, which has come to put more emphasis on socio-economic outcomes, has resulted in diversification of funding mechanisms, including mission-oriented project funding and center-of-excellence funding. The changes in the funding system have in turn affected not only the level of national research performance but also individual and institutional behaviors, causing various difficulties in the governance of public research.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Higher Education Research

    Japanese Journal of Higher Education Research 15(0), 135-157, 2012

    Japanese Association of Higher Education Research

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007649240
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA1125366X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1344-0063
  • NDL Article ID
    023888486
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-B438
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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