地域住民の認知症者に対する理解の促進と偏見の軽減・除去に関するバーチャルリアリティ技術の応用と有用性  [in Japanese] The application and usefulness of virtual reality aimed at encouraging an understanding of and reducing and eliminating prejudice towards dementia patients among local residents  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p><b>目的:</b>認知症者やその家族の心情を再現するバーチャルリアリティ(以下「VR認知症」)装置を用いて,地域住民の認知症に対する理解の促進と偏見の軽減・除去に関する有用性を実証した.<b>方法:</b>T県N町のA地区85名を介入群,B地区95名を非介入群としてVR認知症体験をA地区のみ実施し,介入前後に35項目の理解度・偏見度テストを両地区とも行った.<b>結果:</b>分析対象としたのは,A地区77名,B地区82名であり,性別,年齢,理解度・偏見度テストにおける介入前のベースラインは近似していた.A地区では35項目中9項目(理解度7項目,偏見度2項目)に,B地区では2項目(理解度1項目,偏見度1項目)に有意な得点上昇が認められた.VR認知症の学習効果として,有意に得点が上昇した項目数を単純に比較した場合,A地区は9/35(25.7%),B地区は2/35(5.7%)であり,A地区の方が20%以上高かった.また,B地区に比べ,A地区の方が認知症に対する理解度と偏見度との関連が体験後に高まっていた.<b>結論:</b>VR認知症は,地域住民における認知症者に対する理解の促進および偏見の軽減・除去にとって有用な技術である一方,VR認知症の一般化をより図る上で,他の普及啓発方法との比較検討,VR装置やコンテンツの進化が望まれる.</p>

<p><b>Aim: </b>To demonstrate the usefulness of a virtual reality device that authentically portrays the emotions of dementia patients and their families (VR Dementia Experience) for encouraging an understanding of and reducing and eliminating prejudice towards dementia patients among local residents.</p><p><b>Method: </b>In Prefecture T, Town N, 85 residents of Neighborhood A were chosen as the intervention group, and 95 residents of Neighborhood B were chosen as the non-intervention group. The VR Dementia Experience was provided only to the residents of Neighborhood A. Residents of both neighborhoods completed a 35-item questionnaire regarding their degree of understanding and prejudice towards dementia patients before and after the intervention.</p><p><b>Results: </b>Seventy-seven residents of Neighborhood A and 82 residents of Neighborhood B were analyzed. Their gender, age, and pre-intervention test baseline values were equivalent in the degree of understanding and prejudice. Significant increases were observed in 9 of 35 items for Neighborhood A residents (7 understanding-related, 2 prejudice-related) and 2 items for Neighborhood B residents (1 understanding-related, 1 prejudice-related). To ascertain the usefulness of the VR Dementia Experience, we compared the number of items with a significant increase: 9/35 (25.7%) in Neighborhood A and 2/35 (5.7%) in Neighborhood B. An effect (≥ 20%) was observed among the residents of Neighborhood A. Furthermore, after exposure to the VR Dementia Experience, the connection between understanding, prejudice, and dementia was strengthened among the residents of Neighborhood A compared to the residents of Neighborhood B.</p><p><b>Conclusion: </b>The VR Dementia Experience is a useful tool for encouraging an understanding of and reducing and eliminating prejudice towards dementia patients among local residents. However, to encourage the widespread usage of the technology, we should compare results with other public awareness campaigns as well as make improvements to the device and its VR content.</p>

Journal

  • Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics

    Nippon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics 56(2), 156-163, 2019

    The Japan Geriatrics Society

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007650187
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00199010
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0300-9173
  • NDL Article ID
    029722756
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-25
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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