医療系大学生の社会関係資本及び社会的スキルと精神的健康との関連  [in Japanese] The association of social capital and social skills on mental health among medical science students  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 小坂 健 OSAKA Ken
    • 東北大学大学院歯学研究科国際歯科保健学分野 Department of International and Community Oral Health, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry
    • 相田 潤 AIDA Jun
    • 東北大学大学院歯学研究科国際歯科保健学分野 Department of International and Community Oral Health, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry
    • 伊藤 奏 ITO Kanade
    • 東京医科歯科大学大学院医歯学総合研究科医歯理工保健学専攻健康支援口腔保健衛生学分野 Department of Oral Care for Systemic Health Support, Health Sciences and Biomedical Engineering, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University
    • 北田 志郎 KITADA Shiro
    • 大東文化大学スポーツ・健康科学部看護学科 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Sports & Health Science, Daito Bunka University
    • 坪谷 透 TSUBOYA Toru
    • 東北大学大学院歯学研究科国際歯科保健学分野 Department of International and Community Oral Health, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry
    • 松山 祐輔 MATSUYAMA Yusuke
    • 東京医科歯科大学大学院医歯学総合研究科国際健康推進医学分野 Department of Global Health Promotion, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University
    • 佐藤 遊洋 SATO Yukihiro
    • 東北大学大学院歯学研究科国際歯科保健学分野 Department of International and Community Oral Health, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry
    • 五十嵐 彩夏 IGARASHI Ayaka
    • 東北大学大学院歯学研究科国際歯科保健学分野 Department of International and Community Oral Health, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry

Abstract

<p>目的:医療系大学生の社会関係資本及び社会的スキルの精神的健康に対する関連について検討することを目的とした.</p><p>方法:質問紙調査による横断研究を行った.医療系大学生648名を対象に質問紙を配布し,回収された質問紙の有効回答414名を分析対象とした.分析は,属性(学校,性別,学年,同居形態,親の学歴),社会関係資本(認知的社会関係資本,構造的社会関係資本),社会的スキルを独立変数,対数変換した精神的健康度を従属変数として重回帰分析を行った.</p><p>結果:重回帰分析から,学校の認知的社会関係資本(β=-0.13, P=0.02),友人・知人との集まり「週に数回」(β=-0.15, P=0.045),社会的スキル(β=-0.24, P<0.01)が精神的健康度の高さに関連していた.反対に,グループ学習「年に数回」(β=0.20, P<0.01),「月に数回」(β=0.15, P=0.01),「週に数回」(β=0.11, P=0.04)が精神的健康度の低さに関連していた.</p><p>結論:医療系大学生の高い認知的社会関係資本及び社会的スキルのスコアはより高い精神的健康と関連していた.これらの関連については,さらに検討が必要である.</p>

<p>Objective: This study aimed to examine the association of social capital and social skills with mental health among medical science students.</p><p>Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study, distributing questionnaires to 648 medical science students, and analyzed 414 valid data by using multiple regression analysis. The independent variables were basic attributes (school, sex, grade, living condition, parents' educational background), social capital (cognitive social capital and structural social capital), and social skills while the logarithmic form of mental health was the dependent variable.</p><p>Results: Multiple regression analysis revealed that cognitive social capital at school (β=-0.13, P=0.02), meeting with friends/acquaintances "several times a week" (β=-0.15, P=0.045), and social skills (β=-0.24, P<0.01) were associated with better mental health. Group learning "several times a year" (β=0.20, P<0.01), "several times a month" (β=0.15, P=0.01), and "several times a week" (β=0.11, P=0.04) were associated with poor mental health.</p><p>Conclusion: High scores of cognitive social capital and social skills were associated with better mental health among medical science students. These association should be further examined.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Health Education and Promotion

    Japanese Journal of Health Education and Promotion 27(2), 143-152, 2019

    JAPANESE SOCIETY OF HEALTH EDUCATION AND PROMOTION

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