大都市圏郊外の鉄道駅周辺における居住と通勤の特性:―近鉄大和西大寺駅を事例に―  [in Japanese] Residential and Commuting Patterns near Railway Stations in Metropolitan Suburbs:A Case Study of Kintetsu Railway Yamato-Saidaiji Station in Nara City  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本研究では,近鉄大和西大寺駅周辺において実施したアンケート調査をもとに,郊外の鉄道駅周辺居住者の居住,通勤特性を明らかにした.一戸建て住宅には1970 年代以前に入居した高齢者が多く,分譲マンションには2000 年代に入居した30 〜40 歳代の者が多い.また,大部分が一戸建て住宅で占められている地域に比べ,本対象地域では,人口の郊外化以前からの居住者割合が高い.通勤先をみると,分譲マンション居住者は大阪市,賃貸・借家や一戸建て住宅居住者は郊外内での就業率が高い.一戸建て住宅居住者の中には自営業者が多く,本対象地域が市街化した1970 年代までに,当地域で商店などを開業した人々が含まれると考えられる.奈良県出身者は,県外出身者に比べ,ローカルな労働市場の存在ゆえに,比較的近隣での就業率が高い.本研究を通じて,大部分が一戸建て住宅で占められている地域とは異なる郊外の鉄道駅周辺の居住,通勤特性の一端を明らかにすることができた.</p>

<p>This study proposed to clarify residential and commuting patterns near a railway station in the Osaka metropolitan suburbs by analyzing the questionnaires conducted in the vicinity of Kintetsu Railway Yamato-Saidaiji station in Nara city.</p><p>Although in this area many respondents reside in rented houses or apartments, condominium purchases have increased. Not only married but also single women reside in condominiums, implying that suburban residential characteristics resembling those in the central city exist in the vicinity of the railway station in the suburbs.</p><p>Residential characteristics and length of residence differ between condominiums and detached houses: many people aged 60 and over live in detached homes. Most began residing there before the 1970s, when population growth around the station was increasing rapidly.</p><p>In contrast, most condominium residents are in their 30s or 40s, and they purchased condominiums after the 2000s, when the supply of condominiums around Yamato-Saidaiji station was initiated. This area has the large population of native suburbanites.</p><p>Furthermore, many self-employed persons reside in detached houses. Apparently, many of them opened businesses near YamatoSaidaiji station in the 1970s, as the area became urbanized. Therefore, these residents tend to work in Nara city, while condominium residents tend to commute to Osaka city. Commuting patterns differ from between native suburbanites and residents from other than suburbs.</p><p>A number of studies on suburban commuting flow have focused on the newly developed, detached housing areas separate from railway stations. This study, however, clarified suburban characteristics that differ from those of detached housing areas.</p>

Journal

  • Urban Geography

    Urban Geography 11(0), 11-22, 2016

    Japanese Urban Geography

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007656967
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12476874
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1880-9499
  • NDL Article ID
    027348064
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-R125
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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