社会主義後のベルリン東部におけるジェントリフィケーション  [in Japanese] Gentrification in post-socialist East Berlin  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本稿では,社会主義後のベルリン東部におけるジェントリフィケーションの変化とその影響について検討した.当地にあるグリュンダーツァイトの建築様式の歴史的建築物が老朽化しており,それを再生した共同住宅が注目されている.それとともに,同時代の他都市の建築様式を模した新築の共同住宅が,新規来住者の動向に影響を及していた.修復地区では環境整備が進められ,修復後には地代が上昇した.シュプレー川沿岸における再開発の結果,創造的企業と多国籍企業が集積したことにより,フリードリヒスハインでは外国人の居住者が多くなった.2000 年代半ば以降、高級住宅の建設が増加しており,不動産市場への影響は大きくなりつつある.</p>

<p>Gentrification has emerged in post-socialist cities since the 1990s. This paper aims to clarify three factors: the changing geographical locations, causes, and consequences of contemporary gentrification in East Berlin. In the 1990s, the German government undertook the restitution of properties to owners or their descendants. In the mid-1990s, the number of subsidized refurbishments of historical houses had increased in Prenzlauer Berg. By the late 1990s, the number of privately financed refurbishments had increased and, in the late 2000s, the numbers of affluent people had risen in the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg ward. In Friedrichshain, the population had multiplied in the districts not far from the city center. The working classes lived in Friedrichshain, and there were many dilapidated historical apartments. Creative industries and multinational companies have accumulated along the Spree river since the mid-2000s. The increase of multinational occupants has been caused by them in Friedrichshain. The atmosphere in the neighborhood has been created by programs of renovation that have facilitated gentrification in Friedrichshain. In the 2000s, gated communities of luxury housing were also developed. Historical buildings in the Gründerzeit period were targeted for renovation by developers. There is also a new development of condominiums which imitates the contemporaneous architectural style of Gründerzeit and historical landscapes since Gründerziet have been destroyed by the new construction of condominiums. Prices are higher in new-build housing units than in renovated housing units and rising housing prices have affected the formerly affordable housing markets in Berlin.</p>

Journal

  • Urban Geography

    Urban Geography 11(0), 1-10, 2016

    Japanese Urban Geography

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007656974
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12476874
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1880-9499
  • NDL Article ID
    027347991
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-R125
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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