Cortical bone response toward nanosecond-pulsed laser-treated zirconia implant surfaces Cortical bone response toward nanosecond-pulsed laser-treated zirconia implant surfaces

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Author(s)

    • HIROTA Masatsugu
    • Department of Dental Engineering, Tsurumi University School of Dental Medicine
    • HARAI Tomohiro
    • Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University
    • ISHIBASHI Shinji
    • Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University
    • MIZUTANI Masayoshi
    • Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University
    • HAYAKAWA Tohru
    • Department of Dental Engineering, Tsurumi University School of Dental Medicine

Abstract

<p>Two type of partially stabilized zirconia, namely yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (Y-TZP) and ceria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals including aluminum oxide nanocomposite (Ce-TZP), were irradiated by nanosecond-pulsed Nd:YAG laser and the regular structure with concave and convex of each 30 μm width and 30 μm depth were prepared on both surfaces. In the case of Ce-TZP, the surface was changed to be black after laser irradiation. EDX measurement revealed the reduction of more amounts of oxygen atoms on Ce-TZP compared to Y-TZP. Laser irradiated zirconia implants were inserted into the bone defects of rat femur during 4 weeks. As a control, large grid sandblasted and acid etching (blastedHF) implant was used. Laser treatment for Y-TZP provided greater degree of bone-implant contact ratio than blastedHF treated Y-TZP (<i>p</i><0.05). In the case of Ce-TZP, however, laser treatment showed no clear effect on bone response.</p>

Journal

  • Dental Materials Journal

    Dental Materials Journal 38(3), 444-451, 2019

    The Japanese Society for Dental Materials and Devices

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007657711
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    0287-4547
  • Data Source
    IR  J-STAGE 
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