Anti-RelA siRNA-Encapsulated Flexible Liposome with Tight Junction-Opening Peptide as a Non-invasive Topical Therapeutic for Atopic Dermatitis

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Author(s)

Abstract

<p>Small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been proposed as a novel treatment for atopic dermatitis (AD) because it suppresses sequence-specific mRNA expression. Indeed siRNA-based therapy achieves an almost complete cure with fewer side effects than currently available treatments. However, the tight junctions in the granular layer of the epidermis in the atopic skin are barriers to siRNA delivery. We previously reported the potential clinical utility of AT1002, a peptide that opens tight junctions. In the present study, we evaluated a topical siRNA-based therapy for AD using AT1002 in combination with a flexible liposome. The 1,2-dioleoyl-<i>sn</i>-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE)/cholesteryl hemisuccinate (CHEMS) liposome was chosen as a carrier for siRNA because of its highly flexible structure and permeability. We prepared siRNA-encapsulated DOPE/CHEMS liposomes and examined their physical properties, safety, uptake into RAW264.7 cells, and topical application in healthy and AD-affected skin. We then assessed the efficacy of anti-nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) (RelA) siRNA (siRelA)-encapsulated DOPE/CHEMS liposomes with AT1002 in AD model mice. The siRNA-DOPE/CHEMS liposomes were absorbed significantly better than siRNA alone and they enhanced siRNA skin penetration without toxicity. Moreover, siRelA-DOPE/CHEMS liposomes with AT1002 alleviated AD symptoms and reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines in AD model mice. Therefore, the combination of AT1002 and DOPE/CHEMS liposomes could be a dermally applied RNA interference therapeutic system for effective RNA delivery and AD treatment.</p>

Journal

  • Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin

    Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 42(7), 1216-1225, 2019

    The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007672181
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA10885497
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0918-6158
  • NDL Article ID
    029761981
  • NDL Call No.
    Z53-V41
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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