EGFR T790M 変異陽性の非小細胞肺がんに対するオシメルチニブの副作用解析:-実臨床と臨床試験における副作用の比較検討-  [in Japanese] Analysis of Adverse Drug Reactions on Osimertinib in T790M-Positive EGFR-Mutant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer:- Comparison between Clinical Practice and a Clinical Trial -  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

<p>Osimertinib is an irreversible epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) that is selective for both EGFR-TKI sensitizing and T790M resistance mutations. Because the application for drug approval was filed in Japan in 2016, few studies analyzing its adverse drug reactions in clinical practice have been reported. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the characteristics of osimertinib by comparing the onset of adverse drug reactions between Kyushu University Hospital (n = 16) and a clinical trial (Japanese subjects in AURA study phase II and AURA2 study: AURA study, n = 80). We found that the rates of decrease in neutrophil and platelet counts were significantly higher in the Kyushu University Hospital study than in the AURA study. At Kyushu University Hospital, a decrease in neutrophil count tended to be reported shortly after the start of treatment, and a decrease in platelet count was expressed over time. It became clear that osimertinib has little effect on hepatic dysfunctions, especially during the early stage of treatment. Consequently, when evaluating adverse drug reactions, it is important to perform a comprehensive analysis that includes aggravation of adverse drug reactions and variations of laboratory data from baseline. We believe that the additional information obtained from our study will lead to improvements in adverse drug reaction monitoring and patient education.</p>

Journal

  • Iryo Yakugaku (Japanese Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences)

    Iryo Yakugaku (Japanese Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences) 44(7), 355-362, 2018

    Japanese Society of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007677090
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1346-342X
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
Page Top