沖縄県宮古島における農家就業構造と農業構造の動態  [in Japanese] Dynamics of Farm Employment Structures and Agricultural Structures in Miyakojima, Okinawa  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本研究は,沖縄県宮古島市の一集落の悉皆調査結果をもとに,農家労働力が直面した労働市場の動態と,それが農業構造をいかに規定してきたかの解明を課題とした.調査地域の農家労働力は,切り売り労賃の析出される狭隘な労働市場に直面していたことが明らかとなった.そこには世代差も確認され,現在の青壮年層については,2000年代には全国的な労働市場からも,建設業を中心とする地域労働市場からも反発されていた.このため青壮年層は2000年代に,農業部面での上向展開を進めた.その結果,当該地域に上層・中間層の厚い農業構造が形成されると同時に,農地市場における競争的性格も強まっていった.</p>

<p>The aim of this research is to lay out the labor market dynamics faced by farm labor and the way in which they have defined the agricultural structure, based on a field survey of a village in Miyakojima City, Okinawa Prefecture. The study found that the surveyed farm labor in the region faced a narrow labor market where the low non-farming wages prevailed. We also identified a generation gap where, in the 2000s, the youth demographic experienced a backlash from both the national and local labor market, notably in the construction sector. In the 2000s, the youth demographic thus drove the upward expansion in the agricultural domain. As a result, an agricultural structure of heavy upper/mid layers was formed in the region, while the competitive nature of the farmland market grew stronger.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Rural Economics

    Journal of Rural Economics 89(1), 1-18, 2017

    The Agricultural Economics Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007692327
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00200867
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3234
  • NDL Article ID
    028344030
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-385
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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