経営形態別にみた水田農業の経営成果と直接支払いの経済効果  [in Japanese] The Economic Performance of Paddy Field Farming in Japan and the Causal Effect of Direct Payments  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>日本の農業政策は消費者負担型から納税者負担型への転換を遂げつつあり,直接支払いが担い手経営の財政基盤を支えている.直接支払制度は国際規律に則ったものであり,かつ国民負担の観点から透明性の高い政策といえるが,その経営成果に及ぼす影響や政策理念に相応しい担い手像については,これまで十分な検証が行われてこなかった.そこで本稿では,確率的フロンティア生産関数を用いて,直接支払いが技術効率性に及ぼす影響と経営形態別の経営成果を比較した.計量分析の結果,直接支払いへの依存度が高い経営体ほど技術効率性が低く,また,比較的規模の大きな個別経営と集落営農の効率性の間には,有意差が存在しないことが明らかとなった.</p>

<p>Japan has made a gradual shift in agricultural policy away from a price support to income compensation program, in which professional farms (<i>Ninaite</i>) depend heavily on direct payments for their livelihoods. The direct payment scheme is not only in line with international treaties agreed on at the WTO, but also a transparent system from taxpayers' viewpoint. However, it remains to be examined empirically to what extent the scheme affects farm managerial performance and whether the targeting of subsidization is consistent with the policy ideal of fostering as many <i>Ninaite</i> as possible. Using a stochastic frontier production function, we evaluate the causal effect of direct payments on technical efficiency and compare the efficiency among various managerial types. Our estimation result shows that more subsidized farms are less technically efficient for BC (biochemical) and M (machinery) processes and that individual farms with a relatively large size are comparable with community-based farms (amalgamations of small farms) in terms of technical efficiency.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Rural Economics

    Journal of Rural Economics 89(4), 261-276, 2018

    The Agricultural Economics Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007692366
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00200867
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3234
  • NDL Article ID
    028938595
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-385
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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