コンピテンス基盤型生物教育の提案  [in Japanese] A Proposal for Competence-based Biology Education  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>初等中等教育における生命領域の教育を,コンピテンス基盤型に再構成することを目的として研究を行ってきた。生命科学領域では,近年分子生物学をはじめとする新たな知見の増加や工学などの他領域との融合が進行し,取り巻く様相が変化している。学習指導要領においても生命領域で扱うコンテンツは変化し,高等学校生物では,新たな判断基準を求められるバイオテクノロジーなどの内容が含まれるようになっている。本研究においてはこのような変化を踏まえながら,医学教育における基本形を参考に,幼稚園,小学校,中学校,高等学校での生命科学教育において育成すべき資質・能力を抽出した。さらに理科の他領域で同様に抽出された資質・能力と統合・整理を行い,初等中等理科教育において児童生徒に育む4つのドメイン・オブ・コンピテンスに集約した。さらにここで整理されたドメイン・オブ・コンピテンスに基づき,生命科学教育が担うべきコンピテンス育成のための高等学校生物基礎における学習活動を考案するとともに,その実践を行った。 </p>

<p>We have been conducting research aimed at reorganizing life science education in elementary and secondary school into a more competence-based style. In the field of life science, recently the amount of new knowledge, including that of molecular biology, has greatly increased. Further, the fusion with other fields such as engineering progresses, and surrounding circumstances are changing rapidly. The content handled in the life domain has also changed during the course of study revision, and in upper secondary school biology classes, content such as biotechnology, which is required under the new criteria, was included in the curriculum. In this research, based on these developments, we extracted the abilities to be trained in the life science education in kindergarten, elementary school, lower secondary school, and upper secondary school, with reference to the basic form in medical education. Furthermore, we integrated and organized the qualities and abilities similarly extracted in other areas of science and consolidated them into four domains of competence to nurture students in primary and secondary science education. Based on the domain of competence organized here, we devised and practiced learning activities in upper secondary school biology classes with the aim of nurturing the competencies that life science education should bear. </p>

Journal

  • Journal of Research in Science Education

    Journal of Research in Science Education 60(1), 15-25, 2019

    Society of Japan Science Teaching

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007696349
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11406090
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1345-2614
  • NDL Article ID
    029945448
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1282
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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