教育・育児保障の財源調達:―高齢者にどう納得してもらうのか―  [in Japanese] Financing Education and Childcare Security:: How to Convince the Elderly ?  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p> 1.高齢者優先のシルバー民主主義を止めるには,多数派の高齢者も納得できる論理が要る。子どもや若者向けの政策充実は,労働力確保で高齢者の年金制度等の維持が目的と説得すべきだ。日本の高齢者が納得する論理を,高齢化でも家族・教育政策を充実したスウェーデンに本論は探る。2.スウェーデンは,①低所得者に税金が払える現金給付を支給し,給付に課税して課税ベースを拡大し,②高所得者も年金保険料本人負担ゼロとする普遍主義で,③負担者と受益者を分断せず,制度の政治的支持を高めた。3.スウェーデンが高齢化率世界最高の1990年代に高等教育費を充実し,年金を改革し,高齢者就労を促した背景を述べる。4.日本の高齢者の所得格差と貧困をみて,税・社会保険料研究の今後の課題を確認する。制度の政治的支持が弱まるため,高所得者への基礎年金支給額を削減すべきでなく,その年金への課税を検討すべきだ。以上を実現するためには組織改革も必要である。</p>

<p>1. To stop the spread of the silver democracy dominated by the elderly, it is necessary to identify a rationale that can persuade a majority of elderly persons to share resources more equitably. They should be persuaded that one objective of policies that enhance benefits for children and young people, for example, is to secure a labor force that can maintain the pension system for the elderly. This paper attempts to find a means of persuading Japan's elderly by referring to Sweden, where family and education policies have been enhanced despite an aging society.2. Sweden has ① supplied taxable cash benefits to low―income persons and expanded the tax base, ② set the pension premium burden to zero even for high―income persons based on universalism, and ③ begun treating defrayers and beneficiaries equally, thereby increasing political support.3. In the 1990s, when Sweden had the world's fastest aging society, it supplemented higher education expenses, reformed pensions, and promoted work among the elderly.4. In view of the income gap among Japan's elderly, future issues include research into tax and social insurance premiums. Rather than reducing the basic pension contribution for high―income persons, which would reduce political support, we should consider taxing pensions. Organizational reforms are also needed.</p>

Journal

  • Social Policy and Labor Studies

    Social Policy and Labor Studies 9(1), 48-62, 2017

    Japan Association for Social Policy Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007697317
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1883-1850
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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