日本医科大学雑誌 Therapy-related Secondary Malignancy After Treatment of Childhood Malignancy: Cases from a Single Center

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Abstract

<p><b>Background: </b>Therapeutic outcomes for childhood malignancy have dramatically improved. However, secondary malignancies are a major concern, as they greatly affect the quality of life of survivors. This retrospective study evaluated the cumulative incidence, clinical features, and outcomes of secondary malignancies at Nippon Medical School Hospital. <b>Methods: </b>We examined data from 275 cases of primary childhood malignancy diagnosed between 1980 and 2014. Information regarding treatment of the primary malignancy, including irradiation dose, site, and cumulative dose of anticancer drugs, was assessed. We also collected data on secondary malignancy, including patient sex, age at diagnosis, malignancy site, time from primary to secondary malignancy, and outcomes. <b>Results: </b>Secondary malignancies developed in 11 patients and included acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (4), meningioma (4), Ewing sarcoma (1), germ cell tumor (1), and malignant parotid gland tumor (1). The primary malignancies included acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (9), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (1) and brain tumor (1). In 7 of the 9 ALL patients, chemoradiotherapy was the primary treatment. The meningiomas and 1 solid tumor developed within the radiation field. All AMLs and meningiomas developed within 5 years and after 20 years, respectively, of the primary diagnosis. The 10- and 20-year cumulative incidence rates for secondary malignancy in our hospital were 1.9% and 5.8%, respectively. <b>Conclusions: </b>Our results revealed that the type of secondary malignancy depends on the interval after the end of treatment for primary malignancy. Meningioma, notably, develops many years after completion of primary malignancy treatment. Early detection during long-term follow-up is therefore essential.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Nippon Medical School

    Journal of Nippon Medical School 86(4), 207-214, 2019

    The Medical Association of Nippon Medical School

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