中観派における過類(<i>jāti</i>)  [in Japanese] The <i>jāti</i> in the Mādhyamika  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>It has been argued by Prof. Kajiyama that the concept "<i>xiang ying</i> (相応)" in the fourth chapter of the Chinese version of the *<i>Upāyahṛdaya</i>, namely, the <i>Fanbian xin lun</i> (方便心論), is the origin of the concept of "<i>jāti</i>" as described in the <i>Nyāyasūtra</i> as well as by later Bu­ddhist logicians. In addition to his discussion of the authorship issue of the <i>Fanbian xin lun</i>, Kajiyama has shown that the so­phi­stic arguments called "<i>xiang ying</i>," which are regarded as valid arguments in the <i>Fanbian xin lun</i>, are indeed very similar to Nāgārjuna's <i>prasaṅga</i> arguments. It thus seems interesting to investigate how later Mādhyamika philo­sophers treated the concept "<i>jāti</i>" that had resulted from the <i>Nyāyasūtra</i>'s criticism of the concept "<i>xiang ying</i>" and was accepted by Buddhist logicians such as Vasu­bandhu and Dignāga. This paper will show that there were two entirely opposite positions in the Mādhyamika re­gar­ding the concept of "<i>jāti</i>." As examples of this, I pay attention to state­ments on "<i>jāti</i>" appearing in various treatises, including Bhā­vi­ve­ka's <i>Pra­­jñāpradīpa</i> and the <i>Dasheng zhangzhen lun</i> (大乗掌珍論), Candrakīrti's <i>Prasannapadā</i> and <i>Madhya­ma­kā­va­tā­ra</i>, and others. The differences in the two positions correspond essentially to the differences of how Dignāga's logic was evaluated by the Svātantrika and Prāsaṅgika within the Mādhyamika.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies (Indogaku Bukkyogaku Kenkyu)

    Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies (Indogaku Bukkyogaku Kenkyu) 67(2), 909-902, 2019

    Japanese Association of Indian and Buddhist Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007709932
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00018579
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0019-4344
  • NDL Article ID
    029608105
  • NDL Call No.
    Z9-55
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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