<i>vināśa</i>とは何か?―ダルマキールティにおける「有」の解釈と「無」の解釈―  [in Japanese] What is <i>vināśa</i>?: Dharmakīrti's Positive and Negative Interpretations  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>Since Stcherbatsky's <i>Buddhist Logic</i>, it has been well known among scholars of Indian Buddhist <i>pramāṇa</i> theory that the word "<i>vināśa</i>" denotes two things. One meaning is "a thing itself" (<i>bhāva eva</i>) which is perishable—this I call a "positive inter­pre­tation"; the other meaning is "perishing" (<i>vinaśana</i>), i.e., "becoming a non-existence" (<i>pradhvaṃsa</i>)—which I call a "negative interpretation". These two inter­pre­tations can be traced back to Dharmakīrti at the latest, and in this paper, I clarify just how Dharmakīrti relates these two <i>vināśa</i>s to each other.</p><p>Namely, it is explained that the latter <i>vināśa</i> is what slow-witted people cognize when they are to determine an entity's impermanence (<i>anityatva</i>). However, this kind of <i>vināśa</i> cannot actually become an object of perception since it is not a real thing in nature. Rather, it can be perceived only as the perception of some other thing (<i>anyopalabdhi</i>) found instead, e.g., as the perception of a certain place (<i>pradeśa</i>) devoid of (<i>vivikta</i>) the entity in question. On the other hand, the former <i>vināśa</i>, i.e., the positively interpreted one, can be inferred only once they have already determined the entity's impermanence. All this inference proves, however, is that the entity was, while it existed, already identical with its perishing, i.e., momentary (<i>kṣaṇika</i>).</p><p>In the second part of the paper, I also consider Dharmakīrti's reasoning for just why <i>vināśa</i> should be interpreted in these two ways.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies (Indogaku Bukkyogaku Kenkyu)

    Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies (Indogaku Bukkyogaku Kenkyu) 67(2), 901-894, 2019

    Japanese Association of Indian and Buddhist Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007709955
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00018579
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0019-4344
  • NDL Article ID
    029608083
  • NDL Call No.
    Z9-55
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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