近隣環境と健康関連QOL——日本版総合的社会調査を用いた分析——  [in Japanese] Neighborhood Environment and Health-Related Quality of Life: Analysis Using the Japanese General Social Surveys  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>健康を左右する一つの因子として,近隣環境への研究関心が高まっている.しかし,これまで日本を対象とした事例研究の蓄積は不十分であり,国際的にも全国的範囲を対象とした分析は限られていた.本研究では,人々が暮らす場所の近隣環境によって,健康に由来する生活の質(HRQOL)が異なるのかどうかを統計的に分析した.認知的および客観的に測定された近隣環境指標と,HRQOLの包括的尺度(SF-12)との関連性を,日本版総合的社会調査2010年版を用いたマルチレベル分析によって検討した.分析の結果,近隣環境を肯定的に評価・認知している人ほど,健康に由来する生活の質が高いという関係が明らかになった.他方で,客観的に測定された近隣環境指標はHRQOLとの独立した関連を示さず,場所と健康の間を取り結ぶ多様な作用経路が示唆された.</p>

<p>An increasing body of literature has focused on neighborhood environments as one of the factors that determine health. Nevertheless, the research that has been conducted in Japan in this regard and that at a national scale have been very limited. In this study, statistical analysis was conducted to determine whether health-related quality of life (HRQOL) correlates with particular characteristics of the neighborhoods that people live in. Multilevel analysis was applied to data from the Japanese General Social Surveys of 2010 (<i>n</i>=2,326) to examine the associations of the three composite scales of HRQOL (SF-12) with both perceived and objective measurements of neighborhood environments. The results indicate that respondents who expressed positive perceptions of their neighborhood were more likely to have better levels of HRQOL. However, the objective measures of neighborhood environments were not independently associated with HRQOL, which indicates that the connections between health and place of residence are fairly complex.</p>

Journal

  • Geographical review of Japan series A

    Geographical review of Japan series A 88(6), 591-606, 2015

    The Association of Japanese Geographers

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007724202
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11591990
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1883-4388
  • NDL Article ID
    026914159
  • NDL Call No.
    Z8-571
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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