栄養士養成校における食物アレルギー関連教育の実態  [in Japanese] ACTUAL SITUATIONS OF FOOD ALLERGY RELATED EDUCATION AT NUTRITIONIST TRAINING SCHOOL IN JAPAN  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 高橋 享子 Takahashi Kyoko
    • 武庫川女子大学生活環境学部食物栄養学科 Mukogawa Women's University Department of Food Science and Nutrition School of Human Environmental Sciences
    • 長谷川 実穂 Hasegawa Miho
    • 筑波大学大学院人間総合科学研究科 University of Tsukuba Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences Master's Program, Sport and Health Promotion

Abstract

<p>【背景・目的】食物アレルギー患者への栄養指導が十分に行われている状況にない.その理由に管理栄養士・栄養士養成課程の食物アレルギー教育が十分でない可能性が考えられる.今回管理栄養士・栄養士養成課程の食物アレルギー教育の実態を調査し,その問題点を明らかにする.</p><p>【方法】全国の栄養士および管理栄養士養成校に,郵送法で実態調査を行った.食物アレルギーに関する講義および実習の有無や時間などを調査した.</p><p>【結果】213施設(回収率75%)から回答が得られた.食物アレルギーに関する講義は96%の施設で行われ,講義時間の中央値は210分であった.実習は74%の施設で行われ,実習時間は90分であった.食物アレルギー教育の必要性を"強く感じる"が49%,"感じる"が50%を占めたが,理想的な教育実態があるのは32%であった.講義・実習等を今後増やす予定がないのは82%で,増やせない理由に"カリキュラムに余裕がない"が多かった.</p><p>【結語】管理栄養士・栄養士養成課程における食物アレルギー教育は十分とは言えず,教育現場はその問題に気づいていた.今後官民一体となって状況の改善に乗り出すことが強く期待される.</p>

<p><b>Background & aim:</b> In the clinical field of food allergies, dietary management towards patients is done inadequately. One plausible reason for this is the possible deficiency of food allergy education during the training courses for registered dietitians. This time, we will investigate the actual situations of food allergy education practiced in the training courses of registered dietitians, and reveal the point at issue.</p><p><b>Method:</b> We conducted a factual survey via mailing method towards registered dietitian and dietitian nutritionist training facilities throughout the whole country. The survey items include the existence of lectures or practical trainings about food allergies, the pre-graduate education of food allergies, and much more.</p><p><b>Results:</b> We got answers from 213 facilities (collection rate 75%). Lectures about food allergies were conducted in 96% of the facilities, and the median of the lecture hour was 210 minutes. Similarly, practical trainings were conducted in 74% of the facilities, and the median was 90 minutes. The rate of people who strongly feel the need for food allergy education was 49%, and the rate for people who felt it was 50%. However, the rate of an ideal educational condition was 32%, and the rate of people who didn't have any plans of increasing the number of lectures and practical trainings were 82%. The major reasons for this were, the crammed condition of the curriculums, and the difficulties conducting lectures and practical trainings that span over several fields of expertise.</p><p><b>Conclusion:</b> In the training courses of registered dietitians, the practice of food allergy education is hardly adequate, and the educational sites seem to recognize the problem, but they are also pessimistic regarding the improvement of the situation due to the difficult problems that were revealed in this survey. From now on, it is strongly expected for the government and its people to work together to improve the current situation.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Allergology

    Japanese Journal of Allergology 68(10), 1213-1220, 2019

    Japanese Society of Allergology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007760372
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00012583
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0021-4884
  • NDL Article ID
    030127670
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-32
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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