小学校高学年児童のレジリエンシーと自尊感情,相談行動との関連性  [in Japanese] Relationships among Resiliency, Self-esteem, and Consulting Behavior of Senior Elementary School Children  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p><b>Background:</b> Maintenance and recovery of mental health of children are related to resiliency, self-esteem, and social support. However, the relationships among consultation, resiliency, and self-esteem in senior elementary school children have not yet been assessed.</p><p><b>Objectives:</b> The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among resiliency, self-esteem, and consulting behavior of senior elementary school children. Furthermore, we sought to obtain basic information for educational support to maintain and recover mental health and to promote consulting behavior through them.</p><p><b>Methods:</b> We conducted a questionnaire survey from May to July 2017 with 445 children (212 males, 226 females, seven unidentified gender) in the fifth and sixth grades of four public elementary schools in four prefectures. The contents of the survey were consulting behavior, resiliency, and self-esteem. We collected data on consulting experience and frequency, the main adviser, support received, and the reasons for not consulting, by the type of problem(studies, friendship, personality, feeling depressed).</p><p><b>Results:</b> The rates of consulting experience and frequency were the highest for problems regarding studies, followed by problems in friendship. They chose "parents" as the main adviser. The support received by children differed by the type of problem. Most children stated the will to solve the problem by themselves as the main reason for not seeking consultation, followed by not having a clear idea on how to consult. The frequency of consultation was positively correlated with resiliency and self-esteem (<i>ρ</i>=.185~.544). A logistic regression analysis revealed that the consulting experience was significantly related to relation-orientation, optimism of resiliency, and denial of self-esteem. Moreover, consulting frequency was significantly related to the self-orientation, relation-orientation, and self-denial.</p><p><b>Conclusion:</b> The consulting experiences differed by the type of problem. However, they were positively related to each other with respect to the type of problem. Experiences of facing a problem and consultation were related to resiliency and self-esteem. Increasing resiliency and self-esteem are suggested to promote consultation, while children's will to address the problem by themselves should be respected.</p>

<p><b>Background:</b> Maintenance and recovery of mental health of children are related to resiliency, self-esteem, and social support. However, the relationships among consultation, resiliency, and self-esteem in senior elementary school children have not yet been assessed.</p><p><b>Objectives:</b> The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among resiliency, self-esteem, and consulting behavior of senior elementary school children. Furthermore, we sought to obtain basic information for educational support to maintain and recover mental health and to promote consulting behavior through them.</p><p><b>Methods:</b> We conducted a questionnaire survey from May to July 2017 with 445 children (212 males, 226 females, seven unidentified gender) in the fifth and sixth grades of four public elementary schools in four prefectures. The contents of the survey were consulting behavior, resiliency, and self-esteem. We collected data on consulting experience and frequency, the main adviser, support received, and the reasons for not consulting, by the type of problem(studies, friendship, personality, feeling depressed).</p><p><b>Results:</b> The rates of consulting experience and frequency were the highest for problems regarding studies, followed by problems in friendship. They chose "parents" as the main adviser. The support received by children differed by the type of problem. Most children stated the will to solve the problem by themselves as the main reason for not seeking consultation, followed by not having a clear idea on how to consult. The frequency of consultation was positively correlated with resiliency and self-esteem (<i>ρ</i>=.185~.544). A logistic regression analysis revealed that the consulting experience was significantly related to relation-orientation, optimism of resiliency, and denial of self-esteem. Moreover, consulting frequency was significantly related to the self-orientation, relation-orientation, and self-denial.</p><p><b>Conclusion:</b> The consulting experiences differed by the type of problem. However, they were positively related to each other with respect to the type of problem. Experiences of facing a problem and consultation were related to resiliency and self-esteem. Increasing resiliency and self-esteem are suggested to promote consultation, while children's will to address the problem by themselves should be respected.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of School Health

    Japanese Journal of School Health 60(6), 330-339, 2019

    Japanese Association of School Health

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