公共交通指向型開発における自家用車依存の評価に関する研究  [in Japanese] A STUDY ON THE EVALUATION OF CAR DEPENDENCE AT TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT CASES  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

近年,交通と土地利用を統合的に開発し自家用車依存抑制を目指す「公共交通指向型開発(TOD)」が注目を集めている.多摩田園都市は先進事例の一つとされるが,鉄道駅周辺では自家用車での送迎や商業施設へのアクセスによる道路混雑がみられ,自家用車依存の抑制に課題があるといえる.本研究では, TOD の意図する自家用車依存の抑制という概念に着目し,多摩田園都市の鉄道駅周辺における自家用車依存を評価することを目的とする.結果として,通勤・通学目的では TOD における自家用車依存抑制の様子が見られるが,私用目的では課題があることが明らかになった.私用目的での自家用車依存促進の要因は,移動距離,登坂距離,高齢者が多い場合の道路率の高さであることが得られた.これらへの対策として,交通手段のバスへの転換方策を検討した.

In recent years, Transit-Oriented Development (TOD), which aims to control the dependence on private cars by integrally development of transportation and land use, has attracted attention. Although the Tama Den-en Toshi is considered to be one of the advanced cases of TOD, traffic congestion by private cars is seen around the railway station, and it can be said that there is a problem in controlling dependence on private cars. In this research, we focus on the concept of controlling dependence on private cars which is intended by TOD and aim to evaluate the dependence of private cars around the railway station in the Tama Den-en Toshi. As a result, for commuting and attending school purposes, it seems that TOD's conrol of dependence on private cars, but for private purposes it got a problem. Factors of promoting dependence on private cars for private purpose were obtained as moving distance and climbing distance, and high road ratio in case of many elderly people. As a countermeasure to these, we examined ways to switch the mode to bus from private cars.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management)

    Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management) 75(5), I_399-I_406, 2019

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

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