衣服の保健衛生的快適性・動的快適性に関わる「衣服の肌ざわり」を調べる実験の開発:ESD(持続発展教育)を視点とした家庭科教育内容開発  [in Japanese] An Experiment to Find Comfortable Clothes:: Development of Instructional Objectives in Home Economics Based on ESD  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

小学校家庭科衣生活領域で日常着の快適な着方を児童に指導する際に,衣服の快適性とはどういうことなのかを理論的だけでなく体験的・実践的に学ばせ,児童が自分と衣服との関係を知り, ESD の視点を持って自分の衣生活を営むことができるようにすることが大切である。本研究では, 衣服の快適性を科学的に解明するための教育内容として,「 衣服の肌ざわり」 を調べる実験の開発を目的とし, 衣服の快適性は, 衣服内気候, 衣服圧, 肌ざわりと関係があることから, 傾斜板法によって静摩擦係数を測定し, 衣服の表面摩擦特性ならびに着衣を想定した衣服間の摩擦特性にかかわる基本的な要因を明らかにした。衣服の静摩擦係数は, 衣服を構成している繊維の種類, 糸の形態や太さ, 布の織組織によって異なることが分かった。着衣状態における衣服間の静摩擦係数は, 衣服の組合せ方によって異なり, 湿潤した場合は静摩擦係数が大きくなることが分かった。また, 着用により表面が毛羽立った衣服は, 洗濯後に仕上げ剤を付与することで静摩擦係数が小さくなることが分かった。

In elementary school home economics classes, a lesson to explain how to wear clothes comfortably must developed. The instructional contents for measuring the comfort of clothes should be made clear scientifically. It is important that pupils manage clothes with a viewpoint of Education for Sustainable Development. In this study, the authors developed an experiment to measure feeling of clothes on skin. It was established that the following characteristics are related to the comfort of clothes; microclimate in clothing, garment pressure and the feeling on skin. An inclined plane method was used to measure the coefficient of static friction for a variety of fabrics. The basic factor for the friction properties for the fabrics was clarified. The coefficient of static friction for clothes varied according to the characteristics of fibers, the form and thickness of the yarn, and the different forms of weaving. The results showed that the coefficient of static friction varied among pairs of the cloth tested. Finally, we tested wet clothes and found they had a larger coefficient of static friction than dry clothes. In addition, the friction where the cloth became fluffy were reduced by using a finishing agent after washing.

Journal

  • The Bulletin of Japanese Curriculum Research and Development

    The Bulletin of Japanese Curriculum Research and Development 38(1), 49-57, 2015

    Japan Curriculum Research and Development Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007790674
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00247430
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0288-0334
  • NDL Article ID
    026606397
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1475
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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