協働的な学びによる問題解決力の育成:教養教育での大学1年生を対象とした事例研究  [in Japanese] Development of Problem Solving Skills through the Collaborative Learning:: A Case Study of University Freshmen  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本事例研究では,教養教育での大学1年生(17人)を対象に,協働的な学びが,問題解決力の育成に有効かどうかを検証することを主な目的とした。その結果,次の事項が明らかになった。全体的に見て,協働的な学びは,問題解決の課題達成度を伸ばすことが可能であり,有効である。また,事前テストでの課題達成度に基づいて上位・中位・下位の3つの集団に分けて見てみると,協働的な学びは,問題解決で活用する知識を含む「思考方略」の課題達成度という点で,下位群では「分類」「仮説検証」「因果推論」に有効,中位群では「分類」「仮説検証」に有効であるが,上位群ではいずれの思考方略にも有効ではなかった。さらに,問題解決で活用する知識を含む「思考方略」の質的レベルの人数を見てみると,「分類」「仮説検証」「因果推論」の思考方略では質的高まりが認められ,協働的な学びが有効である。

The effects of collaborative learning on the development of problem-solving skills were examined in this case study. The small group work called collaborative learning, that enhanced brain storming and scaffolding by metacognition on general heuristics and specific patterns of reasoning, had been implemented in order to aid 17 first year university students to solve the problems creatively in the basic seminar in 2014. The comparison of the pre- and post-tests, indicated that the performance on problem solving and qualitative levels of thinking strategies including knowledge application skills, such as classification, hypothesis testing and causal reasoning significantly improved. Thus, it could be concluded that developing of problem solving skills could be possible by mean of the collaborative learning.

Journal

  • The Bulletin of Japanese Curriculum Research and Development

    The Bulletin of Japanese Curriculum Research and Development 38(3), 63-75, 2015

    Japan Curriculum Research and Development Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007790842
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00247430
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0288-0334
  • NDL Article ID
    027043890
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1475
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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