新学習指導要領は教科教育学の発展にどのように寄与できるのか  [in Japanese] How Can the New Course of Study Contribute to the Development of Curriculum Research and Development?  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

新学習指導要領で育成を目指すのは,「未来社会の創り手」である。そのための「資質・能力」「見方・考え方」「主体的・対話的で深い学び」でなければならない。また,「資質・能力」等は,教科間だけでなく,教科における校種間の連携を図る共通概念としても機能する。社会科を例に取ると,内容の枠組み,社会的な見方・考え方,社会的事象等について調べまとめる技能といった軸が新設されることで,従前以上に小中高の一貫性が図られることになった。さらに,それらの観点が有効に機能することで,「選択・判断」型の授業を成立させる等の効果も生んでいる。新学習指導要領の具現化のために,小中高の一貫性は一つの柱となる。一方で,このような教科特性の強調は,教科に閉じた議論を増大させるおそれがある。そこで必要とされるのが,例えば,「シティズンシップ敎育」といった教科を架橋する枠組みである。教科教育学の発展のために,新教科の成立を目指すことも必要である。

The new Course of Study aims at nurturing "creators of future society". "Competency", "viewpoints and ways of thinking" and "active learning" must be utilized to achieve the end. Moreover, "competency" etc. function not only among subjects but also as a common concept for collaboration among different school levels on a subject. For example, social studies develop new axes such as the framework of contents, social viewpoints and ways of social thinking and skills to investigate social events, so it establishes consistency between elementary, middle and high school levels more than was the case before. In addition, as these points of view work effectively, "selection/judgment" type classes have been newly established in social studies. In order to realize the new Course of Study, consistency between elementary, middle and high school levels is a pillar. On the other hand, an emphasis on subject characteristics may increase closed discussion in a subject. Now, what is needed is a framework for cross-linking subjects such as "Citizenship Education". It is also necessary to establish a new subject for the development of Curriculum Research and Development.

Journal

  • The Bulletin of Japanese Curriculum Research and Development

    The Bulletin of Japanese Curriculum Research and Development 41(4), 57-61, 2019

    Japan Curriculum Research and Development Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007791596
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00247430
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0288-0334
  • NDL Article ID
    029639827
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1475
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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